October 12, 2011
Move from rationality to rationalization
Rules MOLD behavior – the way people think
Control and Mastery
Up to the 1820s
A. Control over nature
- Simple tools for agriculture
- Profound transportation – canal system
B. Control over people
1) Control = Division of Labor
Assigning specialized tasks to workers
2) Move from cottage country to early manufacture (division of labor)
MANUFACTURE = DIVISION OF LABOR
Adam Smith: The Introduction of division of labor made the biggest
The division of labor radically changes the way they feel
Rules (technology) mold behavior
Panopticon = All seeing
If you’re in a panoptic structure you will feel as if you’re always being
People in a Panopticon are self-regulated – the suggestion of being watched
introduces internalized authority – you become your own God.
Progressive, rational use of technology – Panopticon = Enlightenment
A Panopticon is a technological fix
The architecture of the Panopticon changes (molds) behavior
3) Control through machinery
Developed Factories (Automated)
Automation replaces the worker – wages dropped, riots started, and city
The idea of progress had a hiccup as automation began to take over.
Removes the skill from the job – lower paid workers, less skilled workers
The introduction of automated machinery
Social change – Unemployment, less skilled
He saw things as networks
From manufacture to Automated factories
a) Describes living systems as there is no difference between the artificial
and the real. We are stitched together with technology.
We are the organs of the factory, we are no longer in control
Technology is consuming us – we are the fuel for the organism b) Cyclopean dimensions
Autonomous: These technologies have a mind of their own and we need
to keep up
e.g. Frankenstein – man made and ends up scaring the shit out of people.
The interweaving between the technology and the social.
Describes the factory as an automaton
“In manufacture you see the division of labor, the division of labor is
“In the fully developed factory, all of the isolated tasks of the division of
labor become linked together” THE MACHINE BECOMES THE LEADER.
Automation links the division of labor – the machine leads
WE CHANGE AS A RESULT OF TECHNOLOGY
Machinery absorbs all previous skill, experience and knowledge
Technology is exciting but usually screws humanity.
c) Hybrid Theory
Does not think in binary terms
Blurring between the living and the social
Sees the world as a giant organism
People are the organs – organs of the factory
Marx is not focused on just the tool
Exceed humans – not just replace – stand to the side and hope to k