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Lecture 13

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Medieval Studies
Medieval Studies 1022
Kathryn Brush

Jan 9, 2013 Lecture 13 >bstween 1096-1271 7 crusades launched -1 crusade 1096-1109 -military initiatives sponsored by papacy in order to “rescue” areas associated with Christ from Muslims -power and might of Europe (western) // land gain and money -cstious about other ethnic groups -1 crusade successful in captured Jerusalem -successful in the sharing of ideas and culture >Krak des Chevaliers, 1150-1250 -medieval Syria -being destroyed presently -Romanesque chapel >Canteen, produced in Syria, ca. 1250 -made for westerner on crusade -metal/brass/inlaid with silver/large around 18”/luxury item -Christian scenes, Christ enthroned and scenes of his life but inscriptions from Korath th >11 /12 century, Islam, Incense Burner -dozens imported to Europe during crusades -small to large ranging, in Museums everywhere, bronze >Brunswick Lion, Henry of Saxony -incense figures becoming emblems of power -full scale -Islamic ceramics in Western collections too >Dome of the Rock, Islam inspired by Byzantine >San Marco, Venice, centralized plan,106 = Byzantine arch >Negatives of Crusades: lost religious but gain on money, by 1201 Westerners landed in Constantinople, took it over making it in Western hands between 1201- 1250. >Reliquary of The True Cross, Limbourg, Germany
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