SMS- Lecture 8.docx

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Western University
Management and Organizational Studies
Management and Organizational Studies 1022F/G
Suzanne Kearns

Safety Management Systems Making mistakes is a natural part of being human Safety is the state in which the possibility of harm to persons or property damage is reduced….. Historically, safety has been a reactive process  An accident much occur to initiate safety process. It is much better to be proactive and identify hazard and risk to eliminate accidents. Safety Perspectives  Mechanical o Early aviation focused primarily on the aircraft as the source of accidents.  Environmental o If pilots are unprepared or the aircraft unequipped for dangerous weather conditions, accidents may result. o Led to the development of effective onboard weather radar and anti-icing systems.  Social o Attempts to understand safety as a function of the social environment o Examine the social dynamics within flight crews to determine when risks and mistake occur. o CRM resulted from this perspective.  Medical o Describes accidents as the result of medical deficiencies in the pilots physiology o Reason all pilots must maintain pilot medical certificates  Psychological o Linked to limitations of human memory o New technology such as synthetic vision and TCAS reduces mental workload and increases situational awareness  Ergonomic o Significant advancement in safety science o Views safety as an interaction between hardware, software, environmental, Liveware(You) and Liveware (Others). (Shell Model)  All of these approaches contribute to our understanding of how safety and accidents occur.  SMS requires an adoption of a safety perspective that takes into consideration each of these perspectives Organizational Perspectives  Breaks into 4 layers o Organizational influences o Unsafe supervision o Preconditions for unsafe acts o Unsafe Acts  Swiss Cheese Model, when all the holes line up an accident occurs.  This approach allows companies to adopt a proactive/predictive approach to safety. o Indentify risk before accidents o Allows for identification and elimination of latent conditions SMS  Goal of SMS is to proactively manage risk  Achieved in 4 ways: o Define clear accountability and responsibility o Setting performance goals and actively pursue them o Managing safety risk systematically and proactively, including continuous improvement and learning. o Monitoring and evaluating performance toward goals  SMS is being implemented into 5 Major Sectors o Aeronautical product design and manufacturing o Air operations o Aircraft maintenance o Air traffic control o Airports Characteristics of SMS o Systematic o Proactive o Explicit- documents, visible and defensible  Key Components of SMS o Commitment of senior management o Safety Reporting o Continual Monitoring o Safety Occurrence Investigation o Sharing of Safety Lessons o Integration of safety into training programs o Utilization SOP As of 2010, SMS are international requirement. However, Canada has been a world leader in early implementations of SMS. Performance vs. Prescriptive based Regulations  Prescriptive Regulations o Requires strict regulatory framework with regular safety inspections and audits by TC.  Performance-based Regulations o Designed as safety risk controls o Allows companies to comply with regulations dynamically, based on their own unique safety risk Other Benefits of SMS  Direct and indirect savings resulting form the prevention of accidents  More competitive in the global market  Due diligence is easily demonstrated after the fact if an accidents occurs, because of the detailed documentation completed within SMS.  Better safety practices by employees  Improved relationship with industry partners  Increased collaboration with industry stakeholders on safety issues. Hazard Identification and Risk Management  Hazard is something with the potential to cause harm  Risk is a severity of consequences  Hazard Analysis consist
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