Business law inclass notes.docx

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Department
Management and Organizational Studies
Course
Management and Organizational Studies 2275A/B
Professor
James Hildebrand
Semester
Winter

Description
BUSINESSLAWINCLASSNOTESTHLECTURE1JANUARY132014InapartnershiprealpropertyisalwayspersonalityoTranslationinapartnershiplandisalwaysmoveablepropertyCommonlawjudgemadelawoShireshadtheirownlawsbuttheywerentalwaysfairbecausetheywerecreatedbythepeopleoIfyouusedtheKingslawitbecamecommontoallofEnglandbecametheCommonLawoTheKingslawisforpeoplewhowantedjusticewhentheyfeltthelawsintheshireswerentfairStatutelawlawsenactedandwrittenbythegovernmentelectedbythepeopleoProvincialorfederalleveloReflectourbeliefsandprejudicesandwhatwewantasasocietyExHighwaytrafficactdogownerliabilityactoResidentialtenancyactTenantsareonlyallowedtoaskforadepositoflastmonthsrentStatutelawcanchangeorclarifywhatthecommonlawwoulddecideonMorestatutelawsthancommonlawbecausestatutelawsaremoreefficientandthesystemstheygenerateareefficienteasytofindthelawsonlineStaredecisismeansthedecisionstandsforprincipleestablishedprincipleBindinglawjudgeHAStoobeythelawRatiodecedendreasonforthedecisionbecomesbindingforcaseswithsimilarfactsinthefutureObiterdictaallthethingsinthedecisionthatarentbindingJudgesborrowedfromthecanonlawandmerchantlawwhendecidingonhowtocomeupwithcommonlawCanonlawakaChurchlawsusedtobeinchargeoffamilyandmarriageetcMerchantlawsMerchantswouldformguildsandhavelawstogovernthedisputesbetweenthepeopleIfyoucanprovethecommonlawproducesanunjustresultyoucangototheChancellorandtheywouldhaveaseparatesetoflawsPrinciplesofequityyoucanrefertothiswhenyoufeelthecommonlawisunfairoRemedialconstructivetrustanequitableremedyimposedbycourtorderagainstapersonwhohasobtainedapersonbywrongdoingoRemedialshouldbearemedytosomethingoConstructivetrustwhenthelawimposesuponapartyanobligationtoholdsspecificpropertyforanotheroEquitableprinciplesorequitableremedyiswhenreturningmoneyorthepropertyisnotenoughBNAactgavelegislativeauthoritytothefederalgovernmentandalltheprovincestheycanmaketheirownlawsprovincialcouldmakeprivatelawandcivillawsQuebecisnotacommonlawjurisdictionconsideredacivilcodejurisdictionoCivilakaPrivatelawnongovernmentlawincludestortcontractfamilyestatelawsoPrivatelawregardingaffairsbetweenindividualsoQuebeccivilcodeallcivillawsarecodifiednobindingprecedentbuttheyalljudgethesameSubstantiveprincipleswhatyougetProceduralprinciplesprocessofhowtogetitInOntarioifyouresuingsomeoneyougotoSuperiorcourtwheretheyhavefederallyappointedjudgethesuperiorcourtisatrialcourtPlaintiffthepersonsuingthedefendantoCangivetheirownevidenceEvidenceinchiefoThentheotherlawyerwillquestionyourevidenceCrossexamineoAndthenthePlaintiffslawyerwillquestionthedefendantcrossexamineoThefactsarewhatthejurybelieveafterallthecrossexaminingJuryakaTrieroffactsIfunhappywiththeoriginaljurisdictiongotothecourtofappealbutyoucanappealbasedontheprinciplelawoTheydontgettohearthefactsfromtheplaintiffordefendantonlyjudgesaretheretoargueiftheresanerroroflawoCourtofappealdecisionsarebindingonallcourtsbelowtheminthesameprovinceIfyoulosethecourtofappealaswellyoucangototheSupremeCourtofCanadaonanerroroflawoWhentheSupremeCourtofCanadamakesadecisionitsbindingtoallcourtsinallprovincesLTBgoestodivisionalcourtDivisionalcourtyoureinfrontofthreejudgesifyoulosethatyoucangotocourtofappealoDescantingopinioniftherewasajudgewhodoesntagreewiththedecisiontheygivetheiropinionandthatgoesintherecordsandcanbeusedasapersuasiveargumentinthefutureoDecisionindivisionalcourtisbindingforsuperiorcourtsInaciviltrialthereshouldbenosurprisesyoumustdiscloseallinfopriortothetrialCriminaltrialthecrownStatemustdiscloseallevidencebutdefendantdoesnothavetodiscloseallevidenceConsumersatdisadvantageofclassactionlawsuitsbcyouhavetopaytofileclaimandfightforyourcaseAdministrativetribunalbodycreatedbystatutesthatcanmakealegaldecisionmoreandmoreofthembecausecourtsareexpensiveAlternativedisputeresolutionoAlternativestogoingtocourtoUndertheinsuranceacthavetomediatewithyourinsurancefirstbeforeyougotocourtoInformalnegotiationoutofquestioniftheresapowerimbalancegoodifyourebothequaloMediationhavingathirdpartytomediatethedisputepossibleiftheresapowerimbalancebutmaynotbeaseffectivepersoninmediationhasnoauthoritytomakethedecisionthoughoArbitrationBothpartiessubjectthemselvestoarbitrationApersonselectedbythepartiestomakeafinaldecisionTHLECTURE2JANUARY202014FirstconstitutionalactBNAin1867setoutforagoverningofacolonyoSection91thefederalpowerssection92provincialpoweroFederalhasexclusiveauthoritytomakelegislationwithregardtocriminallawtradeandcommerceoProvincialhasrightstomakelegislationwithregardtocivilandpropertylawsoDivisionofpowersfoundunderBNAoArgumentsformakingalegislationAltraviresoutsideyourpowersIntraviresinsideyourpowers1982TheCanadaActanactoftheBritishparliamenttheactbywhichtheBritishgovernmentgivesupitsauthorityoverCanadaCharterofRightsBillofRights1960protectsnumerousrightssuchastheCharterofRightsAmendingformularequires610provincesand50ofpopulationtoagreewithamendmentcannotsimplyrevokelegislationoTheconstitutionisentrenchedhardtomoveoCourttellinggovernmentwhatitcandoproblemisthatcourtcanstrikedownlawsthatthegovernmentakaThepeoplewantSection33thenotwithstandingclauseoAllowsaprovincetopasslawwhichviolatestheCharterofRightsbyusinganextraordinaryinvocationoftheclauseoRarelyeverusedContingencyfeesfeestoyourlawyeryoudontpayuntilyourcaseisdoneusedtobeagainstthelawoEncouragespeopletosuefornoreasonbutitalsoencouragespeoplewhocantaffordittogetsomekindofremedyMightwanttoreadpg52ontheskilledprovidersTribunalshavemorerelaxedrulesofevidenceRulesofNaturaljusticegivesyoucertainguaranteesoRighttoknowthecaseagainstyouoRighttomakefullansweranddefenseofthecaseoBeheardbyanimpartialjusticeYoucanchallengetheadministrativetribunalsauthorityandmaygotocourtforajudicialreviewoJudicialreviewaskacourttoreviewadecisionofanadministrativetribunalIllegallyfetteringtheirdiscretionifyouhaveadiscretionbutnevergoingtoexercisethediscretionTortlawactionablewrongsIntentionaltortsOldestformoftortlawsoActionableperseperseonthefaceofitinandofitselfyoudontneedtobeinjuredorharmtowinthecaseoDamagesmoneycansueforpecuniarymonetaryornonpecuniarymonetarylossSpecialdamagesarethingseasilyquantified
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