Management and Organizational Studies 2285 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Chronic Pain, Social Contract, Kyoto Protocol

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- One of the biggest ethical dilemmas companies face today
- Different countries place different value on clean environments not always by choice however
- Rich countries tend to value environmental protection more than poor ones they can afford to
- In the latter half of the 20th century, the perspective of environmental concerns has changed from local to global
- Thigs are o loger soeoe else’s prole
- Ironically, environmental degradation was mainly caused by local problems, but affect the world, and may be
stopped through globalization
- However, due to their scope, local problems have become global problems
The 3 conceptualizations
1. Finiteness
- Can the each as a whole continue to absorb the damage we inflict?
- A notion of limits to the carrying capacity of the global ecosystem
- Challenges the status quo of expansion equalling progress bigger is not always better
2. Interdependence
- Global village, spaceship earth, shrinking world we are dependent on each other
3. Sustainable development
- Deelopet hih eets the eeds of the preset ithout oproisig the ailit of future geeratios to
eet their o eeds – World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED), 1987
- Development includes societal, economic and industrial
- Differs from how developed countries developed
- Tragedy of the commons: individual incentive to overuse the pasture leads to collective overuse, leading
eventually to the destruction of the pasture and an end of the resource for all (Garrett Hardin studied
- A developed world concept being applied to the developing world
North/West vs South/East debate developed vs developing
North/West: emphasis on global environmental protection
South/East: emphasis on right to develop just the way North/West did
Impact of Human Systems
- Increase in greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, ozone etc.) causing acid rain, depletion of
the ozone layer, depletion of critical resources
- Air pollution: carbon dioxide from Us factories causes poor air quality in Canada, and acid rain (dying trees)
- Global warming: greenhouse effect, melting ice caps, drying out of arable farmland
- Ozone depletion: protective layer in atmosphere that reflects harmful radiation away from the planet
- Land pollution: garbage dumping and soil degradation
- Water pollution/over use: only 1.1% of all water is fresh of this 92% is used for agriculture or industrial purposes
Costs of inaction
- Stern Review concluded that, over et 50 ears, if othig doe to ste liate hage…
Output per head could fall permanently by 20%
Agricultural productivity will drop effects on farmersincreases in cost and reductions in the
supply to food processing industries
Fishing catches will decline
Increased costs of damage from hurricanes, flooding and forest fires increases in the costs of
insurance and more volatile financial markets
Major victims developing countries= implications for businesses operating there
Environmental sceptics
- Loorg argues that…
Global warming is occurring but claims exaggerated
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