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Lecture 1

Management and Organizational Studies 1022F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Canadian Aviation Corps, Alfred Harmsworth, 1St Viscount Northcliffe, Bombing Of Cologne In World War Ii


Department
Management and Organizational Studies
Course Code
MOS 1022F/G
Professor
Suzanne Kearns
Lecture
1

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History of Aviation
Long ago, flight was attempted by creating human wings called “ornithopter concept”
Leonardo Da Vinci excelled in this field, believed more than birds could fly
oContributions include; propeller and parachute
Joseph and Etienne Montgolfier
oFirst to accomplish air transportation
oHypothesized that fire produced a gas that was lighter than air
oJune 1783, they flew a cotton and paper balloon up to 6600 feet for 10 minutes
oSeptember 19, 1783 – flew a sheep, rooster and duck
oNovember 21, 1783 – Jean de Rozier became the first successful test pilot
Ascended to 1000 ft for 23 minutes
oJune 1785 – Rozier fell to death over the English channel when balloon caught on
fire
oDecember 1, 1783
Professor Jacques Charles added a rubber coating to the balloon
Filled the balloon with hydrogen
7 times lighter than air
Extremely flammable
oLighter than air principles:
Small basket under bag of canvas or silk
Coal gas for inflation
Altitude control by dropping ballast or releasing gas
Mercy of the wind
Air age in Canada
o10 August 1840
Star of the east
Lighter-than-air balloon by Louis Anselm Lauriat
Lighter than air balloons
oElongated with vertical and horizontal stabilizers
oEngines were added later
oHenri Giffard constructed steering wheel
Alberto Santos-Dumont
oEarly builder of controlled airship
oSeptember 1898
oSome say balloon was obstacle to aviation - distracting research
Hindenburg disaster
oMay 6, 1937
oGerman made Zeppelin (hydrogen)
oFlight from Frankfurt to New Jersey
o40 hour trip

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o45 out of 90 people died
oEnded German era of Zeppelins
Lilienthal brothers
oConducted 2000 flights
oDemonstrated that unpowered human flight was possible through gliders
Would jump off a hill with paragliders
Chanute
oAviation enthusiast
oInspired by Lilienthal brothers
oInspired the Wright brothers
Wright Brothers
oRead work of Lilienthal and Chanute
oTested glider in 1900
oDecember 17, 1903
Orville Wright flew a plane
Lasted 12 seconds and 120 feet
Engine had 12 horsepower and weighed 170lb
oFamous for having a controlled and sustained flight
Alexander Graham Bell
oWorked to create powered flight
oBaddeck, Nova scotia
Casey Baldwin, doug mccurdy, tom selfridge and glenn curtiss
Worked to create planes
oFormed Aerial Experiment Association in 1907
Purpose was to experiment on air locomotion
oOn December 6, 1907, giant human carrying kite was launched and stayed in the
air for 7 minutes with Tom Selfridge aboard
First Aviation Death
oBaldwin, Curtis, McCurdy, Selfridge (Bell’s associates) relocated to NY
oFlew with red wing and june bug
oSept 17, 1908
Selfridge flew with Orville Wright
Crashed
Selfridge died
Orville seriously hurt
Silver Dart
oBaddeck Bay, Nova Scotia
oSilver dart flew for 90 seconds
oPiloted by Doug McCurdy
oFirst powered aircraft flown in Canada
Air Club and Show
oFlying clubs started in major Canadian cities
oFailed to attract people
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