Management and Organizational Studies 2181A/B Lecture Notes - Victor Vroom, Job Satisfaction, Job Performance

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Leadership: the influence that particular individuals exert on the goal achievement of others in an organizational context. Enhancing the productivity, innovation, satisfaction and commitment of the workforce. Strong effect on an organization"s strategy, success and very survival. Manager, executive, supervisor and department head occupy formal or assigned leadership roles. Informal leadership roles are being well liked or perceived as highly skilled to exert influence. Those who become leaders and do a good job of it possess a special set of traits that distinguish them from the masses of followers. Traits: individual characteristics such as physical attributes, intellectual ability and personality. Intelligence, energy, self-confidence, dominance, motivation to lead, emotional stability, honesty and integrity, need for achievement. Three of the big five dimensions of personality (agreeableness, extraversion and openness to experience) are related to leadership behaviours. It is difficult to determine whether traits make the leader of whether the opportunity for leadership produces traits.

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