Ability to inspire confidence & support among the people who are needed to achieve org. goals. Ebm claim #1 - traits alone cannot predict leadership success. Original theory of leadership leadership success is complex and involves many factors traits just being one! Ebm claim #2 - behaviour theory of leadership- Do certain behaviours create better leaders than others? (task v. people orientedconsideration v. initiating structure) findings were mixed - some leaders need to consider both task-oriented and employee-oriented behaviours. Contingent leader reward behaviour perceptions (highest trust in supervisor), positive attitudes (greater job satisfaction) was found to be positively related to employee. Traits and behaviour theories gave way to situational theories: Ebm claim #3 - situational theories of leadership. Fielder"s lpc theory was ok but replaced by crt - cognitive resource theory --> states experience predicts performance in high-stress situations; intelligence predicts performance in low-stress situations. House"s path goal - strong evidence beneficial in supervising routine, frustrating or dissatisfying jobs.