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Lecture 3

Media, Information and Technoculture 2000F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: The Daily Courant, Restoration (1660), Responsible Government

Media, Information and Technoculture
Course Code
MIT 2000F/G
Daniel Robinson

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Week 3: Print, News, and Newspapers
Monday, September 26, 2016
11:16 PM
Print/Modes of Reading
Dagers of Priate Readig
o People could secretly get information from books threat to powers during the inquisition
o Suspicious when people do a lot of private reading, potentially subversive to authorities
Mobile Reading (Octavo)
o Can bring books wherever, not confined
o Pocketbook
Silent/vocalized reading
o Many ways of reading that was not silent (family reading, sewing, newspaper were often
read out loud)
Middle/ Upper Classes/ Working Class
Higher class- silent reader
Lower class experience reading aloud (sharing text), public context
Woe Reader’s
Women not considered full citizens, reading gave them knowledge
o Fear unleashed emotions
o Fiction novel was a problem - thought that it would arose dangerous emotion through
Bible/devotional words
Challenge to patriarchal authority
o Women can now access knowledge, many people believed that women should not be able
to learn to read but if they do they should only be taught biblical words
o Only allowed to read biblical readings (bible, etc)
Compare paintings (J.Opie; J-B Greuze)
o Father reads the bible to his family and kids
Print/Modes of Reading
Critical Reading
o Different depths of reading
o Reading things and critique what you read, not adding new knowledge but to revise
Intensive to Extensive Reading
o Intensive: reads absorb in the book
o Extensive: Skimming, browsing, chapter hoping, abundance of books now, sample more
Format Changes
o Table of Contents
o Chapters
o Indexes
Because of skimming, browsing, you need the above listed changes
Easier to manage extensive reading
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Print Culture
Fixity of Texts
o Created notion that you can fix meaning through text
o Knowledge is tie down, permanent, semi-permanent
Accumulation of Knowledge
o Make discoveries more widely known and more difficult to be lost (multiple copies, placed
in libraries)
o Preserved knowledge by printing more copies
Destabilize Knowledge
o Not just getting an additional book but now its going to be a book that revise it
o New books will come along and challenge old books
o Conflicting stories and interpretations
Additive not substitutive
o Print culture did’t ipe out oral ulture we still have court- church sermons, etc.
o Old media (oral communication and manuscripts) coexisted and interacted with the new
medium of print
o Old media reinvents itself
Reformation/Printing (1520s to 1640s)
Pritig Press ot asual
o Bias/ not determinist
o Did not cause the reformation
Variety of Printed Matter
o Information Supple, not advance Literacy
Illiterates and new ideas
Vernacular Bible
o Bible can only be in Latin (language of God)
o German, etc became published but only as a tactical reformation against the protestant
o Catholic Prohibition
Bible Reading/ Personal Salvation/ Protestants
o Protestants saw reading the bible as a pathway to salvation
o Catholics - show up to church go to confession, but no requirement to read the bible
o More intrinsic for protestants higher literacy rate for protestant
Military Propaganda
Catholic Church List of Prohibited Books
o Issue: do’t like soe of the thigs that ere eig pulished
o Protestant theology
o Erasmus, Machiavelli, Dante
England: Stationer's Co. 1550/1790s
Censorship Effects
Interest in banned titles
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