Media, Information and Technoculture 2200F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Norbert Wiener, Supersaturation, Benoit Mandelbrot

28 views4 pages
!"#$%&'()$"*(+,$%)-(*.)##,%*/)(+*,'0+*$(+,%1*(+,%,*)-*"$*%,'2*0$"-,"-3-*
4
52$'()"6*-)6")#),%7*0'"8(*9)"*.$/"*)(8-*&,'")"6*:,%;*&30+*2)<,*)"#$%&'()$"
4
!"#$*)-*"$(7*<"$/2,.6,1*.'('1*$9)")$"=>,2),#1*?@A*)"#$%&'()$"*!BCDECFG*'22*$#*
(+,-,
4
H"$/2,.6,*)-*'*9%$.30(*$#*)"#$%&'()$"
4
I'"*>,*:),/,.*'-*-$&,(+)"6*(+'(*$%6'")J,-*-(3##
4
!"#$%&'()$"*&3-(*(,22*3-*-$&,(+)"61*)(*&3-(*>,*)"#$%&'():,
4
!-*)"#$%&'()$"*9+;-)0'2*$%*"$"K9+;-)0'2L*
4
Information
Humpty.Dumpty
There.is.no.one.definition.for.information
4!"#$%&'()$"*(+,$%)-(-*.)##,%*#%$&*,'0+*$(+,%
4Q'%,2;*'";*'6%,,&,"(*R('<,*(+,*.,#)")()$"*#$%*6%'"(,.S
4!-*(+,%,*"$*-30+*(+)"6*'-*)"#$%&'()$"L
What.Information.is.NOT
4H"$/2,.6,*KT*<"$/2,.6,*>,0$&,-*'*9%$.30(*$#*)"#$%&'()$"
4U'('*KT*)"#$%&'()$"*$%6'")J,-*.'('*$%*M-(3##M
4D9)")$"=?,2),#*
4?@A7*!"#$%&'()$"*!BCDECFG*'22*$#*(+,-,
!#*/,*-';*)"#$%&'()$"*)-*)"*&)".1*(+,"*)"($*.,9,".*$"*>%')"
4
!"#$%&'()$"*0$"0,%"-*,:,"(-
4
V+;-)0-*)-*(+,*-(3.;*$#*(+,*3"):,%-,*'".*)(-*&'";*2'/-*R,",%6;*'".*&'((,%S
4
W'((,%*'".*,",%6;*#'22*3".,%*9$/,%*$#*)"#$%&'()$"*($*$%6'")J,*(+,*3"):,%-,*-$*
)(-*"$(*-$*%'".$&
4
A+,*%$2,*$#*)"#$%&'()$"*)-*($*)&9$-,*$%.,%*$"*%,'2)(;
4
Information.and.Physics
Norbert.Weiner
4M!"#$%&'()$"*)-*)"#$%&'()$"1*"$(*&'((,%*$%*,",%6;M
4U,#)")()$"*')&,.*'(*9+;-)0)-(-
4U,"),-*&'(,%)'2)-(*>'-)-*$#*)"#$%&'()$"
4?3)2.-*$"*-('()-()0'2*(+,$%),-*$#*9%$>'>)2)(;*RQPX*5)-+,%S
4A+,*$%)6)"'2*'>-,"(K&)".,.*9%$#,--$%
4H"$/-*)"#$%&'()$"*+'-*"$*&'--
4W'((,%*'".*,",%6;*/$32.*>,*"$(+)"6*$"*)(-*$/"
Information )-*(+,*&,'-3%,*$#*%,2'():,*$%6'")J'()$"*)"*'*-;-(,&
Knowledge.)"#$%&'()$"*(+'(*+3&'"-*+':,*9%$0,--,.*'".*'0<"$/2,.6,.*R+3&'"*
0$"-(%30(,.S
Data /+'(*$%6'")J,-*)"#$%&'()$"*
Entropy )-*(+,*$99$-)(,*.,#)")()$"*$#*)"#$%&'()$"1*.)-$%6'")J'()$"*)"*'*-;-(,&
?$(+*)"#$%&'()$"*'".*,"(%$9;*'%,*)"*'22*-;-(,&-
4B$(+)"6*)"*(+)-*3"):,%-,*)-*YZZ[*$%6'")J,.
4D99$-)(,*$#*)"#$%&'()$"*KT*.)-$%.,%
4U)-$%6'")J'()$"*/)(+)"*'*-;-(,&
4F:,"(3'22;1*,:,%;(+)"6*/)22*#'22*($*,"(%$9;*KT*,"(%$9;*/)22*/)"
N,*0'"(*,-0'9,*,"(%$9;1*/,*'%,*'22*.$$&,.\\\\\
RA.Fisher
)"#$*)-*'>-(%'0(*'".*+'3"(-*(+,*%,'2*/$%2.*/)(+*%32,-*)(*+'-*($*#$22$/*
A+,%,*'%,*"$*(/$*(+)"6-*'2)<,*)"*(+,*3"),
MTC
4N,*'%,*(+,*,]9%,--)$"*$#*6,",()0*0$.,
Luciano.Floridi
4I$"0,9(*$#*(+,*)"#$*-9+,%,
4!"(%$.30,-*'*9+)2$-$9+;*$#*)"#$%&'()$"
4!"#$%&'()$"*)-*#2,])>2,*'".*9$2;-,&'"()0*
Plato
4!"#$%&'()$"*)-*'*-3>-('"0,1*'"*,".3%)"6*#$%&*)"*'*(%'"-0,".('2*=*-39,%-,"-)>2,*
M>,;$".M
Aristotle
B$1*)"#$%&'()$"
Gilbert.Simondon
4^$38%,*>$(+*/%$"61*)"#$%&'()$"*)-*)&&'","(*($*(+,*-(%30(3%,*$#*6,",-)-*$#*'22* (+)"6-P*
!(*,&,%6,-*#%$&*(+,*9%,K)".):).3'2*'".*)-*(+,*'6,"(*$#*)".):).3'()$"*R/+)0+*",:,%*
0,'-,-S
Crystal.Formation
4?,6)"-*'-*'*-39,%-'(3%'(,.*#23).
4B$(*'>-$23(,2;*9%,.)0('>2,*3-)"6*9%$>'>)2)(),-
4X>-$23(,*9$(,"()'22;*R:)%(3'2S
4!"#$%&'()$"*)-*>$(+*?E@FVQ!BA*'".*F55FIA
And.This.Solves.What?
4!"#$%&'()$"*)-*",)(+,%*9+;-)0'2*"$%*"$"K9+;-)0'2
4!"#$%&'()$"*)-*",)(+,%*-('(,*"$%*9%$0,--,-1*>3(*'*%,2'()$"*$#*(+,*(/$*.,9,".)"6*$"*
9,%-9,0():,*'".*&)2),3*)"*/+)0+*,]9%,--,.
4!"#$%&'()$"*%,-).,-*)"*'*_$2.)2$0<-*J$",
4!"#$%&'()$"*/%,-(,.*#%$&*(%'"-0,".,"0,*$%*"'):,*%,'2)-&7*!WWXBFBIF
4V$--)>2;*9%$:).,-*'*&,('9+;-)0'2*>'-)-*#$%*F)"-(,)"8-*M-9$$<;*'0()$"*'(*'*.)-('"0,M
Beyond.Simondon
4G()22*-$&,/+'(*2)",'%*9%$0,--1*'2(+$36+*3")(,-*6,",-)-*'".*-(%30(3%,*/)(+$3(*%,2;)"6*
$"*-3>-('"0,*$#*)"K#$%&)"6
4!6"$%,-*(+,*6,",%'():,*'-9,0(*$#*('3($2$6;
!"#$%&'()$"*&3-(*>,*0$"-(%')",.*>;*9+;-)0'2*2)&)(-*KT*2)<,*(+,*-9,,.*$#*2)6+(
Where.is.Information?
4!"*(+,*&,--'6,L
4U$,-*)(*+':,*&'--L*!(*)-*"$(*&'((,%
4U$,-*)(*+':,*#$%0,L*!(*)-*"$(*,",%6;
4!-*)(*'*GAXAF*$%*'*VQDIFGG
4G$*.)##)032(*($*.,#)",*(+)-*M-)&92,M*(,%&
Patterns
45%'0('2-*K?,"$)(*W'".,2>%$(*R%,9,'()"6*9'((,%"-*)"*)".,#)")(,*.)%,0()$"-S
4F]'&92,-7*0'32)#2$/,%1*(+,*'"'2$6;*$#*(+,*-$2'%*-;-(,&*'".*'($&)0*-;-(,&
`'"3'%;*a(+1*bZYc
What%is%Information
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.