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MU1710 Nov 12

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Music 1710F/G
Cameron Johnston

November 12 Readings/Class Notes – History The Baroque What were the aesthetic ideals of the music in the Baroque? (We define musical periods by changing musical ideals: what music should do) Timeline 1600: The first operas performed in Italy 1750: The death of Bach Architecture in the Baroque: eg. Versailles, Hall of Mirrors – often, we do not think about the Baroque period very well. – After this period, people began to think about it as an excessive, oriented era. Stereotypes of Baroque Music Jean-Jacues Roussau, 1768: “A baroque music is that in which the harmony is confused, charged with modulations and dissonances, the melody is harsh and little natural, the intonation is difficult, and the movement constrained.” How did Baroque music provoke an emotional response in the listener? Did anything surprise you or intrigue you about Descartes' theory about how music moves the listener? Descartes: – animal spirits released when music is listened to – Spiritual idea and a rational/scientific idea. “Doctrine of the Affections” “ – music impacts our biological functions which causes us reproduces us to imitate that emotion – Baroque music “a judiciously crafted melody” “Doctrine of the Affections” “Following Ancient Greek and Latin orators who believed that the use of certain modes of rhetoric influenced the emotions, or affections, of their listeners, the theorist-musicians of the late 17th and early 18th centuries argued that the ‘affection’ of a text should be reflected in its musical setting through an appropriate choice of key and judiciously crafted qualities of melody, thus arousing the appropriate listener.” Johann Mattheson (1681-1764) - composer, music theorist. Friend (and one-time rival) of Handel. How might a cantata by Handel (1685-1759) illustrate some of these ideals? – Three emotions – ideas from Mattheson George Frideric Handel (1685-1750) – German, born in Halle – Famed especially for later works composed in England – Spend formative years in Italy (1706-1709) The Baroq
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