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MU1710 Sept 12

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Western University
Music 1710F/G
Cameron Johnston

September 12 Readings/Class Notes - History Sound and Tone What Scruton identifies as the crucial difference between a “sound” and a “tone”: – Difference is that a sound, such as the sound of a car crash, is directly caused by and associated with the car crash. A tone can be experienced as a metaphor, describing how the world is from a creative, imaginative point of view. – Tones is a “musical field of force.” It arises when we hear a sound as music. Not only a sound is heard, but there is a force behind it. Idea, not material. Scruton’s distinction between “sound” and “tone” vs. Wright’s – Wright - “When a sound comes in regular vibrations, it produces a musical tone.” – believes that the difference between sound and tone is simply that a tone occurs when the vibrations of sound occur in regular time. A sound happens when vibrations are irregular. – Scruton - “A tone is a sound which exists within a musical 'field of force.' – “When we hear music, we do not hear sound only; we hear something in the sound, something which moves with a force of its own. This intentional object of the musical perception is what I refer to by the word 'tone.' – Believes that tone occurs in arises when we hear something in sound as music. Tone is not material, rather, it is idea. Tone comes from sound, and you have to be a rational being and an imagination to hear it – tones are a secondary equality. Tone communicates something – Tone is sound with intention, not just organized sound. An attempt at communication. Relationship between pitches defines the context of our music listening. Pitches become meaningful through imagination. Pitch Relationship between frequency and pitches - pitches are what people have come up on the scale with on frequency – pitches are a secondary quality. Change in frequency may or may not be noticeable. - For every time frequency doubles, you go up an octave. How are these pitches ordered in Western Art music? 1. The continuum of frequencies
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