October 10 Readings/Class Notes – History
What is the relationship between poetic forms and musical forms?
How does Franz Schubert set Goethe's famous poem, Erlkönig (1815)?
Art song – Lied – German word for song
– Very popular art form
Words, Music, and Form
Strophic: same music for each unit of text (stanza) – each new unit of music has
the same tune. Different words, same music.
Through-composed: different music for each unit of text
(stanza)“durchkomponiert” in German. Different words, different music. Through-
composed – Schubert's Erlkönig. Tells a story. Poetic stanzas replicate their form
with each stanza – end of lines 1-2 rhyme, as do lines 3-4 – rhyme with each other.
What can through-composed form do that strophic form cannot?
Stanza 1: Narrative. Repeating triplets represent riding through the woods swiftly.
Stanza 2: Father – same singer – voice pitch is in a lower register, shorter phrases
than the child. Boy projects his voice in a more timid manner in a higher register,
phrases are longer.
Stanza 3: Erlking comes in – tries to tempt the child by telling him to play by the
sea – register is in a middle