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MU1710 Nov 5

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Music 1710F/G
Cameron Johnston

November 5 Readings/Class Notes – History What evidences do we have for music making in the prehistoric world? - The musicology of prehistory? From What's Up, Doc? (1972) What role did music play in the ancient world? Timeline Middle Paleolithic: 50,000 BCE Upper Paleolithic: 30,000 BCE Mesolithic: 10,000 BCE Neolithic Bronze Age Iron Age: 5,000 BCE Ancient Greece: 500 BCE Fall of Roman Empire: 476 CE Bone Flutes Approx. 40,000 BCE – often found in caves, which also have cave paintings Music making involved in artistic practices. Art played an important role in their society. The Evolutionary Advantage of Music? “[…] early Upper Paleolithic music could have contributed to the maintenance of larger social networks, and thereby have helped facilitate the demographic and territorial expansion of modern humans relative to culturally more conservative and demographically more isolated Neanderthal populations.” (Conard, Malina, Münzel 2009, p. 740) What role did music play in the ancient world? Instruments of the Ancients kithara (lyre). Much like a harp. Guitars developed from this. aulos (l. Tibia). In what esteem did Aristotle hold musicians? – “slaves” – Music is for entertainment and relaxation, but musicians are seen as low – Concerned with the way people communicate with music – “He that takes part in such performances does not do so in order to improve his own character, but to give pleasure to listeners, and vulgar pleasure at that.” – The kind of music we listen to determines our character. When we listen to music for pleasure, we will become more vulgar individuals. Aristotle: The purposes of music. a. education b. catharsis c. intellectual development d. relief after tension – Is music education, amusement, or pastime? It is all three things. – Actual performance is necessary to become a good music
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