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MU1711 Jan 30

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Music 1711F/G
Kate Helsen

Jan 30 – Polyphony to 1300: Clausulae, Motets, Conducti and Mensural Notation Clausulae and Motets th Franco of Cologne: mid-13 century - Mensural Notation Further Developments from Organum – Three types of medieval genres formed 1. Claudula (pl. Clausulae) – Sections of organum pieces recomposed in the same style and substituted in for the original section. Substitute for discant organum style; put into the polyphonic chant. – Composed in discant organum style – Some pieces have many different palces where clausulae can be used, and have many different clausulae composed for one passage eg. Word or several words 2. Motet – The result of taking a longer clausula on its own and setting a new text to the duplum voice. – Not the same text – new text on the upper voice – Their own thing coming from organum – First secular polyphony – Popular in late 12 and early 13 centuries – comes from “mot” - “word” b/c text set in the duplum were often French instead of Latin (or another vernacular) – Term “motetus” is now used to talk about the duplum voice that has this new text. – Since the motet is not liturgical music, composers can have more modifications – Modify the tenor (eg. Riffs off of its plainchant origins) and then compose new ones altogether. – Polytextual motet: when you have two texts going at the same time in different voices – Polylingual motet: when those different texts are in different languages (such as Latin and French). Difference b/w clausula and motet – Cl is recomposing a part of organum within a piece, motet – its own part – Motets were a quite exclusive art form appreciated by educated classes – Sometimes the tenor is left without text. Instruments may have played these lines too. 3. Conductus (pl. Conducti) – Further free compositional landscape – Pieces which set metric poetry for 1 – 4 voices – Approx. 200 conducti left for us today – Polyphonic conducti move at a note-to-note pace, but are not bound to measure
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