Feb 13 – Prelude to the Renaissance
– “Re-birth” of the culture of Greek antiquity into Western culture. i.e.
Consonance and dissonance, music's importance in culture,
– Between 1420 and 1600
– Academic re-birth through re-learning the Greek texts. Extra texts come to
the West when Constantinople falls to the Turks in 1453, as many refugees
flee. They took their information (Greek culture) with them.
– Financial strength comes to cities through trade. Cities develop financial
systems, which gives people power and money, and a cultural mix.
– Most famous Renaissance city with wealth and cultural/artistic elites
– Cosime de' Medici (1389-1464) used his wealth the influence politics in the
– Medici family contributed to arts in the city. Founds the largest library in
Europe, Platonic Academy (modelled on an ancient Greek academy from
Plato's time), patron of many artists, sculptors, musicians. This creatse a
city centre where all artists come i.e. Sculptors, musicians, artists
– Grandson Lorenzo de' Medici continued this.
– N of Alps – cities that were centres of trade also became centres of wealth
– Trade cities become centres of cultural power. Antwerp, Ghent, Tourani,
Liège. Low countries also produce many different pieces of beautiful music
– 100-year war is over – France won
– War of the Roses (b/w houses of York and Lancaster) decided at the battle of
Bosworth Field in 1485
– Battle between two houses to determine which family will rule England.
Henry Tudor (later, Henry VII) beats Richard III
– Tudors control England until 1603
Holy Roman Empire
– Hapsburg Family (rule Germany, Austria, N Italy) are gaining ground.
– Maximilianth marries Mary of Burgandy in 1477, gaining Burgandy
– In the 16 century, another Hapsburg (Charles V) will expand into Spain,
Portugal and the Low Countries.
– Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castille get married in the 15 century
and rule Spain. – 1492 – Conquer Granada and Spain, pushing out the Muslims; fund an
expedition to find a western route to Asia by...
– They also expel all Jews who refuse to convert to Christianity, when they
were found by the Spanish Inquisition.
– Money and power backed by many explorations to find quicker routes to
Asia by the Portuguese
– Manuel I, King of Portugal built a monastery for the explorers to spend their
last night in Portugal, praying for safe passage.
– Ferdinand Magellan, s