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MU1711 Mar 4

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Western University
Music 1711F/G
Kate Helsen

March 4 – Genres of Renaissance Music 1420-1520: Instrumental Music Instrumental Music – Lack of sources because they were usually improvised/memorized. Much information given to us through visual art. – Instrumental Groups – Great variety of instruments, not standardized. Many different versions of a particular instrument – played in slightly different keys eg. Soprano shawn, alto, etc. However, one soprano shawn may not be in the same tonality due to differing instrument sizes. Keyboard Instruments – The organ develops: – Main register: hauptwerk – Separate set of pipes behind/beneath player: Ruckpositiv/Chair – Organ stops allow sounds of different timbres due to different airflows – Pedals added Portative Organ – Popular in the home – either play one-handed and pump bellows with other hand – or get someone else to work the bellows wthle you play two-handed Clavichord – evolved from the 'monochord' in the 15 century – Could be played without help (no bellows). Metal tangent/hammers hit the strings to make the sound. th Harpsichord (clavicymbalum – key psaltery) – popular in the late 15 century – Mechanism plucks the strings rather than hitting them. One manual, four octaves. Lowest octave is a “short octave” - left-out accidentals. The Short Octave – Lowest notes on harpsichord don't include accidentals like F# or G#, etc. – Keyboard layout – looks the same – However, playing F# will not sound like F# - will sound like D – extends range of the keyboard without extending its length. Other varieties of smaller keyboards: strings run at right angles to the keyboards to save space – Virginal and spinet Stringed Instruments – Lute – most common plucked instrument in the Renaissance – Early lutes – 4 or 5 pairs of strings - “courses” – Standard lutes of the early 16 c – 6 courses. Related to the lute – Spanish – Vihuela and Guitar – gut strings – Cittern, Bandore, Orpharion – wire strings – Mandoras and Mandolins – similar to the ones we have today. Intabolatura de Lauto (1507) – Petrucci published a series for lute – First one: Intabolatura de lauto, Libro primo – Contained chansons, motets and Mass movements by Ock
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