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Lecture 6

Music 1102A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Ternary Form, Equal Voice, Word Painting

Course Code
Music 1102A/B
Kate Helson

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THE RENAISSANCE (ca. 1425-1600)
The Renaissance
-Recovery of knowledge lose during the middle ages
-humanism: movement that explored human interests and values through science,
philosophy, and the arts
-renaissance composers united words and music more than ever before
Music for Catholics and Protestants
-Martin Luther began Reformation in Wittenberg, 1517
-Monarchs determined faith and politics of their realm
-protestant composers wrote liturgical music in languages other than Latin
-catholic composers wrote music to inspire the faithful
Music for Growing Markets
-first contact with “new world” in fifteenth century
-demand for music/arts grew
-ideal “renaissance man” cultivated knowledge in full range of arts and sciences
-castiglione's the book of the courtier recommends learning to sing and play an instrument
A New Sense of Individuality
-growing confidence in human reason and distinctiveness of individuals
-medieval drama tended toward allegory
-renaissance drama emphasized lifelike characters
-renaissance composers captured human emotions
Information Technology 2.0
-invention of the moveable metal type around 1450 changed the way information was
-print allowed information to spread quickly and cheaply
-some composers achieved international renown, even as publishers
-by 1500, printing was a major enterprise throughout europe
Listen to This First
Texture: Listen to 4 distinct voices (polyphonic). Listen for pasaged in which voices sing in
the same or different rhythms
Word-music relationship: listen for the example of word painting, in which the sound of a
cricket is imitated
Form: Listen for the return of the opening section. Listen for the contrast
The Cricket
-composed ca. 1500
-words and music enhance one another
-josquin wrote music as humorous as the text
-written to be played by any combinations of voices and instruments
-renaissance songs seem more contemporary than music from the middle ages
Texture: Polyphony in 4 voices
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