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Lecture 1

Music 1711F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Leitmotif, Hemiola, Homophony


Department
Music
Course Code
Music 1711F/G
Professor
Kate Helsen
Lecture
1

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Wednesday, September 11, 2013
Elements Of Music
Melody:
Definition: “A succession of single tones perceived by the mind as a unity.
(Machlis, Enjoyment of Music, p.7)
Relationships between pitches build PHRASES (aka ‘units of meaning’)
Combination of pitch height and pace contribute to the emotion
The effect of a melody on the listener is contextual
Harmony:
Melody’s CONTEXT
Made up of CHORDS (arpeggios, broken or solid)
Generally, triads indicate harmony
o3 pitches
Active” and “Rest” chords / Consonance and Dissonance
oDominant – Active; Tonic – Rest
oSubdominant is between active and rest
oDominant – invisible dissonance (heard tonic in beginning, brains waiting
to return back to where it began)
Has music grown more dissonant over time?
Rhythm:
Definition: a regular recurrence of a pattern in time
Metre: the practical application of ideas about rhythm
Duple / Triple / Compound Metre
oDuple – Frere Jacque
oTriple – My bonnie lies over the ocean
oQuadruple – O Canada
oCompound – ex. 6/8
Syncopation
Tempo:
Lends character to a piece
Italian tempo terms: p.21 of Enjoyment of Music (Machlis)
o18th century, opera in Italy used Italian tempo terms
Accelerations / Declarations
Dynamics:
Volume
6 Italian terms for dynamics on p. 22 (Machlis) - memorize
Emotional connotations for ‘soft and ‘loud’
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