Music Lecture #6 arab classical music

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
Western University
Department
Music
Course
Music 1170A/B
Page:
of 5
Arab classical music
Classical music
-four styles
oPersian, Arabic
Arabic classical music styles
-Improvisation
oMaking music up on the spot
oHowever, do have some rules and boundaries
-System of modes
oIn Arabic music: Maqam (Maqamat, pl.)
Not played just in classical music, also in pop or folk music
oQuarter tones
oModes of how to treat a particular scale or melodic ideas
oAccidentals
Tells you to raise or lower the pitch
Natural – cancelling out any previous accidentals
-Maqam: two sets of rules
oImportant pitches:
Tonic centre
oStructure
Two ie: maqam bayyati, maqam rast
The listening will expect you to move through the scales in a
specfic way
Maqam rast: C, D, E (quarter flat), F, G, A, E (quarter flat), C
[ascending]
-Heterphonic texture:
oIqa (Iqa’at)
oHumm, takk, maqsum, Wahdah, Sama’i
-Ud
oOriginated in Persia
oMeans wood because it is made of one
oPlucked, chordophone with a pick type instrument
oShort neck, wide, pear shaped body
oFretless (don’t have the raised bars that when u press them you can hit a
specific pitch)
-Violin
oChordophone
oFretless
oBowed, or plucked
oReplaced the spiked fiddle
oNow part of the tradition
-Riqq
oMembranophone, with idiophone elements
oOne of the standard instrument. Used as an accompaniment rather than
solo
-Qanun
oPlucked chordophone
oAncient, middle eastern instrument
oStandard in classical
-Nay
oAerophone
oHeld diagonally, blow into the top
oBreathy effect
o5 or 6 holes
omain melody instrument
-Buzuq
oPlucked chordophone
oLong neck
oBrighter more metallic sound
-Takht
oHas 7 melody instrument
Music and Religion in Arab World
-use of religious chant
-call to prayer/chants – not considered music to most muslims
muslim attitudes towards music
-differing attitudes among muslims

Document Summary

Arab classical music four styles: persian, arabic. System of modes: making music up on the spot, however, do have some rules and boundaries, in arabic music: maqam (maqamat, pl. , quarter tones, modes of how to treat a particular scale or melodic ideas, accidentals. Tells you to raise or lower the pitch. Natural cancelling out any previous accidentals. Not played just in classical music, also in pop or folk music. Maqam: two sets of rules: important pitches: The listening will expect you to move through the scales in a specfic way. Maqam rast: c, d, e (quarter flat), f, g, a, e (quarter flat), c. Violin: chordophone, fretless, bowed, or plucked, replaced the spiked fiddle, now part of the tradition, membranophone, with idiophone elements, one of the standard instrument. Music and religion in arab world use of religious chant call to prayer/chants not considered music to most muslims muslim attitudes towards music differing attitudes among muslims conservatives, sufis, moderates etc. problems.