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Lecture 35

Pathology 3500 Lecture Notes - Lecture 35: Receptive Aphasia, Spinal Cord Injury, HemiparesisPremium

3 pages23 viewsSpring 2018

Department
Pathology
Course Code
Pathology 3500
Professor
Jessica Shepherd
Lecture
35

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Neurological Syndromes
Paresis
Weakness
Still some strength
Plegia
No strength left
Hemiplegia vs hemiparesis
Hemiparesis
Muscle weakness on half of the body
Hemiplegia
Spinal cord injury
Paraplegia vs paraparesis
Paraplegic
Lower half of the body is disabled
Abnormal sensation
Dysesthesia
Crippled nerve
Sensation is disturbed
Aphasia
Speech is affected
Seen in strokes
Need both hearing and motor ability for speech
Broca
Motor aphasia
Can’t produce speech but can understand it
Wernicke
Receptive aphasia
Can’t understand speech but can produce it
Transcortical receptive aphasia
Can’t understand speech
But can produce thoughts about speech
But can repeat speech
Transcortical motor aphasia
Can’t supply speech but can repeat speech
Hemianopsia
Losing a half of the visual field
Ataxia
Difficult with balance
Peripheral nerves not sense where your joints in space
Issues with the cerebellum
Toxic effect (alcohol)
Seizures
Can be local or generalized
Loss awareness but no visible convulsions
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