-Demarcation problem, verificationism, falsificationism
1) Method of agreement *
2) Method of difference *
3) Joint method of agreement/difference *
4) Concomitant variations -> proportional/reverse proportional
5) Method of residue
If… then “”
-Know how to translate English to PL and vice versa.
-Test for consistency (main connectives are true) and validity
Deductive Validity: When it is impossible for the premises to be true while the conclusion is false. If conclusion is
true argument is deductively valid.
-Problems of Induction: Humes
-Goodman: language is part of the problem “gravity is weather”
-Deontology: rightness or wrongness of act is based entirely on rules.