Philosophy 1305F/G Lecture 1: philosophy 1305G Lecture 1

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Philosophy Lec 1
Week 1
What is philosophy?
Concepts: basic abstracts, right & wrong, organism, value, number
Claims/assertions/statements: a way to put concepts together; killing people for fun is
wrong
Arguments: a way of providing evidences, reasons for accepting claims as true
Some Methods and Tools?
Deductive reasoning/reasoning/argument structures
Definitions
Distinctions
Thought experiments
Dialectic 辩证法
Showing unexpected consequences (reductio)
Open-mindedness/critical approach
Epistemic humility
Analysis of concepts/claims/arguments
Developing a new concept
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