God has given the earth to the children of men. ; given it to mankind in common nobody has any right to but himself. God, when he gave the world in common to all mankind, commanded man also to labour, and the penury of his condition required it of him. God gave the world to men in common; but since he gave it to them for their benefit he gave it to the use of the industrious and rational (and labour was to be his title to it) (sec. Similarly, bartering is doing a justice to the commons. Anyone may appropriate only enough so as much and as good of a supply is left for others. One may appropriate only as much as he can before it spoils. One may acquire only what that person mixes with his labour: explicate hobbes"s account of the state of nature. Actions should be judged primarily by the motives that produce them.