Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (620,000)
Western (60,000)
PHIL (1,000)
Lecture 5

Philosophy 2200F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Civil Society


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 2200F/G
Professor
Charles Middleton
Lecture
5

This preview shows page 1. to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Week 5 Lect 4
In the SON you have no appeal process to which you can enact justice for yourself
Hobbes motivation behind our escape from the SON is our desire to seek peace, notion of
collective good for each individual
Individualist motivation drives us to escape the SON desire to protect property
Civil Society through the social contract (united power of something over everyone). Common
superior to everyone, we are all equal with regard to our right to judge against the laws of
nature, because of this equality in judging that respective break is in want of a common judge
that is superior to the individual person
Civil society is this united power concentrated into a social procedural system that has
authorization to adjudicate for everyone else
Give up SON when we entire into civil society, we give up common equality when we enter
into civil government in a quest for the common superior
What motivates the move is to protect our property, we naturally have the desire or tendency
to agree to the promises that we make
The property class stands the most to gain from social arrangements, our equality is preserved
when we enter into the social contract, everyone has property for Locke, we own our own
labor and that is property for Locke
The more property you have the more incentive you have to enter into civil society so that it
can protect your property
Absolute monarchy can’t be a united power over everyone because not everyone in that
society would then be equal, because the monarch has to be able to stand above everyone
else.
The monarch can take your property, then that individual will have no one to appeal to if they
feel they have been unfairly treated
Locke isn’t particular about form of government the only restriction is that whatever it is, it
cannot be absolute. Aka no absolute monarchy or oligarchyIf you’re poor there is a chance you
will be better off in the SON because civil society is aimed at promoting the individuals
acquisition and protection of wealth
Whenever two people are in a relationship with no common power above them then those
people are in the SON where everyone is equal to everyone else in regards to their judicial
capacity
Hobbes says we don’t have to worry too much about the monarch because by granting absolute
power to a monarch there is no reason to think that that would be corrupt, that absolute power
doesn’t corrupt at all says Hobbes
Locke absolute power corrupts absolutely , history has told us this given enough time that
person won’t be consistent in the regard to ruling ethically (a moral monarch)
SON AND MONARCHY
Enact a legislature that is only temporary, that is dissolved before they can evolve into ruling for
their own interest
There is no difference in extended parliament and absolute monarchy dissolved parliament is
when you can expect politicians to act in the interest of everyone
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version