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Calvin Feb 1st.odt

Course Code
PHIL 3020F/G
Jeffrey Temple

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Temple Feb 1st
Communicates with kings and queens because he is born to nobility.
Deeply paradoxical. Powerful mind weak mind. Didn't want power but he weld it powerfully. Geneva
will become a model for other protestant cities. He has a sense of calling by god and a deep worry of
failure. He feels that there are souls at stake.
Today: what did he teach? What is is significance?
Timing of Calvin's entrance to the reformation 1536 (thrown out ) comes back 1541. Dies in 1564
(important date remember it)
This overlaps with Luther's death (1546). Luther dies bitter and grumpy that the gospel did not just sweep
over the masses. He had hoped they would change with his message. Feels like he sold himself out and
gave out on the cause of liberty. He has been the engine that has driven this forward. Calvin comes at a
critical moment. 1545 Council of Trent begins... The catholic church (lasts until 1563) will respond to
protestantism. Calvin steps in and he is an energizing force to the protestant movement. New intellectual
credibility to the movement. Temple argues without calvin the reformation would have died.
Institutes (written by calvin) 1536-1557(a few copies)
This is to weld together the protestant movement.
Calvin is a humanist. Not in the way of Erasmus. Calvin believes in their methods and believes in the
power of rhetoric. In the 16th century rhetoric meant language used powerfully and correctly. The
humanists believed if you could use language correctly you can reach people and shape the would around
them. Calvin believes this. He believes if he writes clearly he can have people live life the right way.
Becomes a Summa (latin). Calvin has tried to anticipate every question that could be asked.
Calvin is not an innovator he is an organizer and a systematize. This is like an idiots guide to evangelical
living. The institutes becomes the beating heart of the evangelical movement. This is a touchstone.
What is in this book?
One thing that splits protestants: the eucharist.
Calvin's position: Problem with consubstantiation and transubstantiation and says this brings god down to
man it lowers god. This is wrong. Zwingli's memorable meal it loses its meaning.
Calvin says when the believer communicates with god through the eucharist. We are spiritually elevated
up to heaven to be with god. It is a spiritual union to Christ. You are lifted up to him. You come into the
presence of god. This becomes the dominant understanding of what happens for protestants. The zwiglian
movement will be assimilated into the calvin movement.
What is it? Whether one goes to heaven or not is contingent on God's choice. Some people are chosen
and some are left in sin. (calvin does not invent predestination). Luther and Zwingli also believe in it but
do not talk about it. Why do they not talk about it? They say little because they think it will be
detrimental to the appeal of the protestant movement. If it is based on gods choice at the beginning of
time it doesn't matter what you do. If god has chosen others over some people he is unjust and evil.
Calvin says my job is to be a minister of god. I need to tell people who god is and what he has revealed.
He talks about predestination in the bible so we have to talk about it. At the end of the day predestination
becomes a selling point for protestantism. Temple would suggest predestination was the driving force
behind the protestant success.
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