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Lecture

History: Henry VIII of England's Heirs


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 3020F/G
Professor
Jeffrey Temple

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Temple Feb 15th
Henry VIII Heirs
Edward VI (Rules from 1547-1553)
Much debated era of church history. Some historians believe it is the lynch pin to english history.
Temple says despite the short period of time much change is attempted. The response during this time
is also important.
Edwards birth came not a moment too late. (In 1536 Henry falls from his horse and his health declines.
He is morbidly obese. It is also believed he is impotent.) Born in 1537. 9 years old when he comes to
power. The control of the government came into control by regents. His uncle the Duke of Somerset.
He had near kingly power. He had to behold to a royal council. Control of the english government falls
into the hands of the evangelicals. A number of the key catholic supporters were marginalized at the
time. There was also the work of Thomas Cromwell. Cromwell had staffed the english royal household
with evangelicals and the english government. Henry choses members from the cambridge circle to
tutor Edward. They were lutheran.
What happens under Edward Seymour's rule? (Duke of Somerset) We want to note that even though
Edward VI was young he was evangelical inclined, He is involved in the things that somerset did.
These things were done with his blessing.
So what happens....
They begin a process of church visitation. There is considerable tension among the people in regards to
reform. Some people want more some people want less. There was also real confusion among the
english people. They didn't know what it meant to be protestant.
There is wide spread evangelical preaching. When Edward comes to power. Henry wanted to limited
this. You have to be licenced by the crown to preach. Evangelical preachers preach openly and they
draw significant crowds. 1547-1550 there is a massive upsurge in demand for evangelical
writing/printing.
What do we make of this? There is a level of balance. There were conservative catholic voices that
opposed reform. But on the other hand these conservatives did not have any way to express their view.
English catholics are very quiet during Edwards rule. A significant mass of english people went on
doing what they have always done. There also seems to be a swell of demand for protestant reform
information. They want to hear the preachers and buy the materials. There is a spectrum of reaction.
What we want to note about edward and somerset. They do not order this demand for protestantism but
they support it.
Key things during this reign.
Books of model sermons are distributed among the parish.
Licences are revoked and re-given to pastors of his choosing (not the ones of his fathers)
Pre-approved sermons contain sola fide.
Images of Saints and relics were removed from the churches.
In 1550 alters are removed.
In 1553 the 42 articles are drafted. They are a new confession of faith written for the church. They are
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