Philosophy 3820F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Retributive Justice, Meritocracy, Progressive Tax

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Globalization had 2 problems when this course was made
For developed countries
For example the Montréal textile industry is outsourcing to Asian countries and
caused considerable unemployment
HK made-to-measure clothing
The Marxist Problem
For less developed countries is the problem of exploitation
Compared to the profits the wage levels are unfairly low
Conditions of employment
Present
The Refugee Crisis
2012-2013
The refugees are not leaving places like above
They’re coming from places where they are persecuted by the government and
where there is war
They’re not facing bad working conditions, they’re facing murder
The operations of chance
Things that happen which nobody seems in control of
The question is do they deserve the wealth
Some people are just made to be a certain way
With respect to athletic ability its genetics, you don’t deserve them you just have
them; the genetic lottery
Luck of the draw
William Blake (poem)
An English romantic poet of the late 18th early 19th century, during the time of
the beginning of the industrial revolution, a lot of people found terrible living
condition for the poor
Feminism and the Temperance movement (anti-alcohol) because their husbands
would become abusive
The hard core socialist move
To try to counteract the effects of apparently random processes that produce
significant economic inequalities
Text
Theories of distributive justice
Relational theories
We owe people duties of justice that we actually interact with
If we economically or politically interact then we have to worry about
economic justice in that country
Non-relational
More demanding (Armstrong always favours the more demanding theory)
It says that if we find people who are living in poor conditions then we have
to deal with it
If you see/know it you must stop it
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Document Summary

Globalization had 2 problems when this course was made. For example the montr al textile industry is outsourcing to asian countries and caused considerable unemployment. For less developed countries is the problem of exploitation. Compared to the profits the wage levels are unfairly low. The refugees are not leaving places like above. They"re coming from places where they are persecuted by the government and where there is war. They"re not facing bad working conditions, they"re facing murder. Things that happen which nobody seems in control of. The question is do they deserve the wealth. Some people are just made to be a certain way. With respect to athletic ability its genetics, you don"t deserve them you just have them; the genetic lottery. An english romantic poet of the late 18th early 19th century, during the time of the beginning of the industrial revolution, a lot of people found terrible living condition for the poor.

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