Philosophy 3820F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Negative And Positive Rights, Practical Reason, Individual And Group Rights

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Day 3 Phil 3820
Realism
The duty of politicians is to look out for the interests of that state
“The refugee problem”
if we think of this issue as not a problem for the refugees but for the
countries, then it can be said that they had the responsibility to make sure
that nothing happened to the country in the first place
The selfish reason
A significant political position
Imperfect duty
You have to find the worst off to make it a prefect duty, so you know exactly
who you are giving to
Justice vs. Humanitarianism
If you’re unjust to someone then you do a bad thing
If the requirement to aide is a duty, then it looks like you owe it to
everybody within a certain class, if you can identify them then you owe it
to all of them
Relational accounts of the duty to aid
Humanitarianism
Non relational accounts
It’s a reasonable assumption that we have really nothing to do with then
they must really be few and far between
Capacities
A way of measuring well-being
Honderich
“Violence for Equality”
Recommends violence
Compared non-violent resistance to a child having a temper tantrum
West essentially gets two lives compared to the poorer countries one
If we can measure capacity we can tell who is having a harder time and
how we need to help
Legal v. Moral Group Rights
Legal
Certain groups have legal rights, i.e. corporations shareholders
Moral
Group rights do not exist rather it is the individual
If there are moral group rights that are over and above the rights of the
individuals within the group
Opens up the problem that group rights erase some of the individual
rights
What’s to then stop the group from making people sacrifice their own for
the group, costly loyalty
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Document Summary

The duty of politicians is to look out for the interests of that state. You have to find the worst off to make it a prefect duty, so you know exactly who you are giving to. If you"re unjust to someone then you do a bad thing. If the requirement to aide is a duty, then it looks like you owe it to everybody within a certain class, if you can identify them then you owe it to all of them. Relational accounts of the duty to aid. It"s a reasonable assumption that we have really nothing to do with then they must really be few and far between. Compared non-violent resistance to a child having a temper tantrum. West essentially gets two lives compared to the poorer countries one. If we can measure capacity we can tell who is having a harder time and how we need to help. Certain groups have legal rights, i. e. corporations shareholders.

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