Philosophy 3820F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Hillel Steiner, Historical Linguistics

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Coercion
Involves some kind of international threat
People can be threatened economically
Not every act of coercion is wrong
Criminal law coerces us to not kill, but its not wrong
The idea of a coercive offer
Suppose you are a drug addict, and someone has a supply and they know
you need drugs soon and the only dealer, the offer is if they give you the
drugs you have to do something for them
A person gives you a job, but then in-order to get the job, you must send
your children to boarding school, the person is trying to make you see
your children less
Coercive offers involve the creation
Is a legal system that allows coercive offers a coercive system?
Its Naegel who talks about coercive condition (look in textbook)*
ESSAY Q^?
Public Goods
Rare
A good in which everyone in (roughly) the same area has access to
We have a public good in air and water
But not natural resources like minerals
The Antarctic
A public good?
A bad example, because people could abandon the agreement to share it
The natural way to think about land is that its for a group of people
Hillel Steiner
Justice is supposed to remedy the consequences of bad luck
Stiener was a communist, wanted total equality
The difference between retributive and redistributive justice
The history of our legal system is retributive, when someone does
something wrong we try and find a way to make up for this
Taking percentages of income if they cannot pay in a law suit for example
Add up the value of EVERYTHING to make sure that people are getting a
fare share of everything
Synchronic linguistics
A language during a small period of time
Diachronic linguistics
The history of language
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Document Summary

Not every act of coercion is wrong. Criminal law coerces us to not kill, but its not wrong. Suppose you are a drug addict, and someone has a supply and they know you need drugs soon and the only dealer, the offer is if they give you the drugs you have to do something for them. A person gives you a job, but then in-order to get the job, you must send your children to boarding school, the person is trying to make you see your children less. Its naegel who talks about coercive condition (look in textbook)* A good in which everyone in (roughly) the same area has access to. We have a public good in air and water. A bad example, because people could abandon the agreement to share it. The natural way to think about land is that its for a group of people. Justice is supposed to remedy the consequences of bad luck.

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