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Philosophy 2044G - Mar. 24.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
Philosophy 2043F/G
Professor
Louis Charland
Semester
Winter

Description
Philosophy 2044G Monday March 24 Personality Disorders (continued) Theoretical Vocabulary: You need to make a distinction between the vocabulary of the physical and the vocabulary of the mental • eg. He gives her a flower or he pets her dog because he wants to show affection (they are connected) • The difference lies in: o The vocabulary of that domain  eg. geology – gold, magnesium; psychology – dopamine, amygdala (physical), and feelings (mental) o Moral vs. Non-Moral  Moral • From the 18 century, moral used to mean psychological • It started changing and was used in the ‘ethical’ sense (morals) • Today, moral refers to theories of right and wrong • Moral vocabulary is the vocabulary of moral assessment • eg. if you say something is a good apple or a good person, you are evaluating the term (just as if you said that someone was an evil person)  Non-Moral • No evaluative or moral assessment (describing something factually) • eg. Adolf Hitler had a black moustache (“Adolf Hitler was a bad person” is a moral statement) • We want the language of medicine and psychiatry to be objective, factual, and descriptive. o Science is concerned with facts, which are different from morals and ethics. • The DSM tells us facts about mental disorders (it is non-moral) • Religious texts define morality – what is morally appropriate and inappropriate behaviour o One form (moral or non-moral) is not better than the other, but you need to distinguish between the two. • The Cluster B personality disorders (narcissistic, histrionic, anti-social, borderline) look like disorders where the line between the descriptive and evaluative (moral and non-moral) is getting blurred. o That means that when we are using these categories as they are defined in the DSM, it isn’t just describing behaviour – there is also sometimes an implicit or explicit condemnation of that behaviour Example: Syndrome • When we don’t know the cause of something, we call it a syndrome • Personality disorders are a list of signs and symptoms where you are told you must have a certain grouping of those symptoms o The problem with the DSM is that everything in there is a syndrome, because we don’t have proof (
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