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Philosophy 2065F/G

Friedrich Nietzsche “God is Dead” “The greatest new event- that ‘God is Dead’, that belief in the Christian God is no longer credible- is already beginning to cast shadows across Europe.” Nihilism -A belief in nothing -With God the world has meaning, but without God the world is meaningless -Without God, there is no objective being to which everything is measured. All morality becomes relative to us. -The declarations that god is dead says there is no objective value. Any objective value is that which we created. Truth is also relative, therefore there is no truth. Evil then becomes a matter of perspective depending on how it relates to the individual. There is no God that sets the standard. A New Beginning -“’God is Dead’ implies for Nietzsche a new understanding of the world without beginning and without a goal. There is no goal/meaning objectively. There is of course morality, but everything is what we have created for the world, not God. -‘Nothing is true’ and ‘all is allowed.’ The foundations of morality is gone. -There is no God, therefore anything is allowed. There is no objective morality, no punishment or reward for what is right or wrong. Slave Morality -Nietzsche dismisses the moralizing ontology and the ontologizing morality. God in creation, molds the world after his image. This places a value into the ontology itself. “Trees are good BECAUSE God created them.” Any value that anything has is a value that we place in them, not God. There is no intrinsic value. -The dualism is the problem. It turns us away from life. This dualism makes us look to God when we should be looking at ourselves for understanding. -Christian morality takes the initiative away from us by having someone (religion) else tells us what we ought to do. Morality -There are no moral phenomena, only interpretations of phenomena. -Master morality vs. Slave morality. Christian morality is a slave morality. It values love for others, pity, selflessness. It is the perspective of the weak. The things that are of value to the weak become virtues. Master morality values power, nobility, strength, and egoism. What is good in the slave morality is evil in the master morality and vice versa. Beyond Good and Evil -All morality, also morality beyond good and evil, implies some form of tyranny against ‘nature’ since there is no intrinsic morality in nature. This is necessary -It is a strong individual who
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