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subjectivity in ethics

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Philosophy 2070E

EMP 3 Subjectivism in Ethics Ethical Subjectivism is based on the concept that our moral beliefs are based on our feelings and nothing more. People have different opinions, but where morality is concerned, there are no “facts” and no one is “right”. People just feel differently. David Hume, morality is a matter of sentiment rather than fact Simple Subjectivism When a person says something is morally good or bad, this means that he or she approves of that thing, or disapproves of it, and nothing more X is good, X is morally acceptable, X ought to be done = I (the speaker) approve of X Simple Subjectivism cannot account for disagreement There is no disagreement between two “opposing views”; each person acknowledges the truth of what the other is saying. A approves in homosexuality while B disapproves of homosexuality. Both A and B would acknowledge the other persons position while still disagreeing about the underlying topic. Therefore simple subjectivism cannot be correct Simple Subjectivism implies that we are always right So long as someone is honestly representing his own feelings, his moral judgments will always be correct since they are reflections of what the person feels. This is incorrect since we all sometimes make mistakes and no one is perfect. Emotivism Moral language is about stating facts, ethical statements to report the speaker’s attitudes. When Falwell says “homosexuality is immoral” he is making a statement of his attitudes on homosexuality, that “I do not approve of homosexuality” According to Emotivism, moral language is not a fact
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