-Thethesisthat we ought alwaysto maximizeutility, that is, act is right if it"leadsto thebest poss
ible balanceof goodconsequencesover badconsequences".
"Themorally best alternativeis that which producesthegreatest net utility, whereutility is define
din termsof happinessor pleasure".
"Weought to dothat which producesthegreatest amount of happinessfor thegreatest number of
Maximizeutility: whenin your action you bring goodconsequenceover badconsequences.
-anyaction canbring consequencesto many people.Thining throughyour action, that your action
might bring badconsequenceto somepeople. However, in utilitarianismit is okay to bring some
badconsequenceto SOME people.Thekey hereis thebalance.
-maximizing utility (like calculas)might involvecomparing badandgoodconsequences.
-by badconsequences: pain
-by goodconsequences: pleasure
-theideaof "producesthegreatest amount of happinessfor thegreatest number of people" is impl
ict in theideaof maximizeutility.
-Idealy, everyonewill receivepleasure.Whenroviding morepleasurethanpain, it is still theutilit
arismidea, sowe should gothat way.
-It is about outcomes.
Negativeresponsibility: you areresponsiblefor what you doandalsowhat you did not do. In utili
tarism, you arestill responsiblefor theoutcomethat you did not dosomething.
Thewholepoint: you areresponsiblefor theoutcomes
Attractionsof thistheory: -It is really acalculus. Input information into a"machine", it generatesoutcomes.According to th
emachine, your own opinionsor subjectivity is completely irrelevant. It is completely objectivet
heory. "It is what themachineis designto explain"
-if not maximizining theutility, i should not act-theidea
-being egalitorianism (all count equalily)
-How i maximizemy utility. Should i universalizetheconsequence?
-Nobody countsmorethananyother else.
-Doesmy action maximizetheutility?Doesanyonecount for more?(friendsVS strangers,I vsot
her)-this ideashould befactoredout. Becauseeveryonecount equalily.
-thepleasureandpain of everyoneis equal.
-it should nor priviligepeople.
#action?---consequences?Determinehow peopleeffectedby my consequences,everyonecounts
equalily. Everyonetriesto maximizetheutility.
Psychological: utility definedin termsof pleasureor pain
"Naturehasplacedmankind under thegovernanceof two sovereign masters, pain andpleasure. It
is for themaloneto point out what we ought to do. Ontheonehand, thestandard of right andwro
ng, on theohter chain of causesa