Rawls paper cont'd
Differenceprinciple: Social andeconomic inequalitiesareto bearrangedsothat they arereasona
bly expectedto beeveryone'sadvantage.
two important principles: liberty principle,differenceprinciple
Original agreement: what we needis aoriginal agreement that we areall equal
Theoriginal agreement is all about equality.
So,how dowe achieveequality, sincei we areall different?
Veil of iqnorance:
Why arewe unequal whenweareunveiled?
Weareall self-interest, we haveall different social economic status,gender, age,religion, ethnicit
With respect of theideaof inequality：that therearethingsthat arenatural
andalsosocial, which makeusunequal.
-you areonly born with suchcapacity while theother hashigher IQ.
-taller, morechanceto beanathlete, shorter, may not be
Thenatural constituteof you makesdifferent (positive& negative：：that mayor maynot beenrec
Thenatural abilitiesyou havefurther influenceyour life, which you cannot control by yourself.
Letsseeif you areblessed,born with suchgift, doyou deservethat?
If you arenot, andborn with study disability, doyou deservethat?
Theanswer is just you cannot doanything about thenatural abilities, thenatural constituteof you,
which leadsto natural inequality that arenot under our control.
Social Economic facts:
Do you deserveyour wealth?Thepeoplewho comesfrom afamily of ameans,dothey andtheir
familiesdeservethat wealth? Thefact is, thesocial economic factsonsomedegreesarealsoout of your control just asthenatu
ral constituteof yours. Onepersoncannever choosewhich family to born in.
Do you think you deserveto bein this institution(theuniversity) right now?
Peoplewho hasthesamegradeswith you, may not get in this institution for reasonssuchasecon
omic facts,who lacksof intelligencecapacity that cannot learn like you...You areway aheadof th
esepeoplein making your futureabetter result. You succseedbecauseof your work ethic.So, you
dodeserveto behere?But doyou entirely?
Rawls think that thenatural andsocial inequalitiesarearbitrary form amoral point of view. (page
Everyoneis going to put themselvesin apossition of equality, andspeaksof veil of iqnorance,sin
cewe areunder veil, we areall equail, andnatural andsocial iequalitiesarefactoredout. Rawl w
ant usto comefrom equality to rational.
Rawls saysin page498. So,under reveil you don't know who areyour parents, how machIQ you
have.That thenatural andsocial factorsarearbitrary, its incedental.
Psychological perpensity (page498)
Theideaof contractarlonism: imagewearethegrouphere, want to comeupwith principle of just
icehere,which oncechosen, will govern what we gonnado.Theprinciple wecameupareall bas
edonour will. Why would Rawls doesnot want usto choosethepr