Introduction Lecture Kayla Ann Marie
Three Main Schools:
Hellenistic School (Stoics, Epicureans)
Homer (850BC), Thales, Anaximander (624-545BC), Phythagoras,
Herablitus (549-475), Democritus (460-370), Socrates (469-399),
Plato (427-347), Aristotle (384-322), Death of Alexader the Great,
start of Hellenistic.
Homer & Hesiod (9 th C BCE):
o Explanations of the world, human-centric (human in form, all
gods, monsters, etc.) Things happen in world due to will of
Pre-Socratic Philosophy (starts 624 BCE):
o No more literal interpretation of Homer.
o World is not ruled by Gods, but by forces (love, lust, hate,
o Search for “principles and causes” – if you want to know
about the world, investigate the world. Do empirical research,
use your senses.
o Rejection of appeals to authority, appeal to evidence and
o Two central questions:
What are the most fundamental building block of
Thales (water) living things cannot grow or