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Introduction Lecture.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
Philosophy 2200F/G
Professor
Devin Henry
Semester
Fall

Description
Introduction Lecture Kayla Ann Marie Three Main Schools:  Platonism (Academy)  Aristotle (Lyceum)  Hellenistic School (Stoics, Epicureans) Pre-Socratic Philosophy:  Homer (850BC), Thales, Anaximander (624-545BC), Phythagoras, Herablitus (549-475), Democritus (460-370), Socrates (469-399), Plato (427-347), Aristotle (384-322), Death of Alexader the Great, start of Hellenistic.  Homer & Hesiod (9 th C BCE): o Explanations of the world, human-centric (human in form, all gods, monsters, etc.) Things happen in world due to will of the Gods.  Pre-Socratic Philosophy (starts 624 BCE): o No more literal interpretation of Homer. o World is not ruled by Gods, but by forces (love, lust, hate, etc.) o Search for “principles and causes” – if you want to know about the world, investigate the world. Do empirical research, use your senses. o Rejection of appeals to authority, appeal to evidence and argument. o Two central questions:  What are the most fundamental building block of reality?  Monists:  Thales (water) living things cannot grow or
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