Plato’s Apology 9/17/2013 7:23:00 AM
-Gives the essence of the Socratic method.
-Meletus brings a charge against Socrates. Meletus goes to court and proves
his case to the jury.
-Plato defending Socrates, filling in arguments.
Unofficial Charges: Earlier accusers(lines: 18bc, 19c-e) – people
who were slandering him for a long time.
o Atheism based on naturalism (“studying things in the sky and
below the earth”). Studying the world through natural
science, looking at the world itself.
o Sophistry: makes the worse argument the stronger and
teaches these same things to others.
o Response 1: Disavows knowledge (21-23)
Sophists “know” things, Socrates claims he does not
really know anything.
o Delphic Riddle:
No one is wiser than Socrates.
Meaning of the Riddle: “I am wiser than this man;…
that I do not think I know what I do not know.” (21d2-
o Response 2: Denies teaching (23c-e)
Young people follow him around of their own free will,
then imitate him
Challenges the traditional political establishment.
Is he teaching them to challenge authority? That’s
what some people think.
Teaching people intellectual self defense.
Official Charges: Later accusers – Meletus and people who brought
him to court.
o Corrupting the youth.
Inductive argument (24c9-2