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Global Institutions - Fuller.docx

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Western University
Philosophy 2810F/G
Jennifer Epp

POVERTY, RELIEF AND GLOBAL INSTITUTIONS  Fundamental questions about the obligations of nation states and other international actors INDIVIDUAL VIEW VS INSTITUTIONAL VIEW  Singer individuals we have a moral obligation to give generously to organizations such as Oxfam in order to prevent harm caused by extreme poverty  The individual duty view, Pogge should support a systemic or institutional solution to global poverty  Toward the institutional rules to which all individuals and states are subject  Perpetuation f the status quo amounts to the coercive imposition of an unjust order on poor countries  People who make extensive use of this planets resources would compensate those who involuntarily are able to use very little  The disbursement scheme should create incentives for developing countries for rewarding significant gains in eradicating poverty  NGO Aid has an aura of handouts and dependence which would be avoided by an institutional solution PROBLEMS FOR THE INSTITUTIONAL VIEW  Central problem for institutional solutions is how to generate enough goodwill among rich states that they would be willing to commit themselves to these types of reforms  Moral convictions can have real effects  An enterprise such as the GRD has clear prudential value  Pogge – greater prosperity in developing countries will enable governments to protect the basic rights of their citizens and provide elementary education which will in turn tend toward the creation of well ordered democratic regimes  The power of moral consensus is always going to be tempered by considerations of national interest  That moral consensus is not likely to secure compliance on its own  The cooperation problem – appealing to the sucker exemption. Rich states can refuse to unilaterally institute reforms that favour the global poor on the grounds that this would put them at a competitive disadvantage relative to other states, who we can presume are looking out for their own interests and so would take advantage of this situation to the fullest extent  If states forgo regular aid until such time as all state can implement reform many people will die in t
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