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Patriotism and Cosmopolitanism - Nussbaum.docx
Patriotism and Cosmopolitanism - Nussbaum.docx

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Western University
Philosophy 2810F/G
Jennifer Epp

PATRIOTISM AND COSMOPOLITANISM - NUSSBAUM  Americans have frequently supported the principle of bande mataram giving the fact of being American a special salience in moral and political deliberation  Emphasis on patriotic pride is both morally dangerous and ultimately subversive of some of the worthy goals patriotism sets out to serve  Rorty – cannot even criticize ourselves well unless we also rejoice in our American identity and define ourselves fundamentally in terms of that identity  Politics of difference one based on internal divisions among America’s ethnic, racial, religious and other subgroups  Nationalism and ethnocentric particularism are not alien to one another but akin  Proponents of nationalism in politics and in education frequently make a weak concession to cosmopolitanism  Cosmopolitan education – a historical digression which traces cosmopolitanism to its origins and in the process recover some excellent arguments that have traditionally supported it PART TWO  It is this community that is fundamentally the source of our moral obligations, we should regard all human beings as our fellow citizens and neighbours  Stoic sucessors held, we should not allow differences of nationality or class or ethnic membership or even gender to erect barriers between us and our fellow human beings  Stoics proposing – that we should give our first allegiance to no mere form of government, no temporal power but to the moral community made up by the humanity of all human beings  Stoics who hold that good civic education is education for world citizenship  First they hold that the study of humanity as it is realized in the whole world is valuable for self knowledge  Second, we will be better able to solve our problems if we face them in this way  Finally, they insist that the stance of t
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