2. THE ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT FOR THE EXISTANCE OF GOD
1. Some history and some language
a) Anselm of Canterbury
o Scholar and theologian
2 matters of language
Argument has at least 2 meanings
o Verbal argument
o A reasoned support of given idea
Arguments in the first sense usually involve arguments in the second
Is an argument in the second sense- reasoned support for the idea
that God exists
Back and forth tussle with Anselm and Gaunilo
Means having to do with being or having to do with existence
Onto comes from the present participle of the geek verb to be
The being argument
2. Digression on sasquatches: definition and existence
Large, hairy, gorillas like creature inhabiting the mountains of the
west coast of North America, and preferring to avoid contact with
Do they exist?
Just because you can define them doesn’t mean they exist
Pro- Sasquatcher and anti-Sasquatcher can agree on the definition
3. Expounding the argument
a) The argument:
God is (df.) that being than which none greater can be imagined.
Other things being equal, a being that exists is greater than one
that does not exist.
1. The definition of God: that being than which none greater can be
2. The trick of thought in the argument: other things being equal, a
thing that exists is greater than one that does not.
Ex. The Ontological Argument
Premise 1: God is that being than which none greater can be imagined. Common talk definition, but, a reflective- talk definition
Define God as being does not entail that God exists
Premise 2: Other things being equal, a being that exists is greater than one
that does not.
Anelms idea: takes 2 God, alike in every aspect, except that one
does not exist and the other does not
The God that exists is gr