What is Religion?
There are three "Abrahamic" religions: Christianity, Islam, Judaism. = 53% of world population
"Non-religious" (15%) + atheists (5%)=5% 20%
Therefore 80% of the world is religious.
Many of the world's major conflicts are defined by religious difference:
War on "Terror" / Jihad
1. How do you define "religion"?
The idea of definition: defining something as giving it necessary and sufficient conditions.
Bachelor= unmarried male
"Unmarried" is condition of bachelor and "Male" is condition of bachelor
"Unmarried and male" are a sufficient condition of bachelor
Essence=definition=necessary and sufficient conditions
What is the essence of religion?
1. belief, faith in the improvable
4. Awe - holy terror
5. Individual & Private affair
6. Essential to life: answer to nihility (the answer to human existence)
7. Eschatology: afterlife
10. Moral law
None of these features are present in every religion
There is no necessary condition, there are no necessary and sufficient conditions.
Therefore, no definition.
Ludwig Wittgenstein 1889-1951
important philosopher in 20th centaury
Theory of family resemblances
Very often (though not always) our words and concepts lack definition in strict classical sense
They work much li