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Lecture 9

Philosophy lecture 9 - concluding religion.docx

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Western University
Philosophy 1020
John Thorp

th October 10 Concluding Lecture on Philosophy of Religion Arguments for Theism: -Ontological Argument -Cosmological -(Pascal’s Wager) -Four Ways -Design Argument -First mover, first cause, contingencies -Aquinas, Paley, Fine Tuning Miracles There are two other pro arguments a) The Moral argument – the only way good and bad in morality can be objective is if they are given by the will of God b) The argument from the Religious Experience – Some people have very intense religious experiences (mystical experiences), which are, it seems, to be self-validating Arguments against theism: -EVIL -Divine Hiddenness -Cognitive Science of religion -Moral evil -Natural evil Divine Hiddenness (John Schellenburg – Halifax… not dead) -This is really new player in a very old field The gist of the argument: The Abrahamic God is thought of as omnipotent and as loving, and desiring to have a loving relationship with every individual human being Such a God would NOT make it difficult for humans to figure out is (s)he exists! However, it is incredibly hard to figure out that out Therefore, no such God exists Cognitive Science of Religion (Pascal Boyer – anthropologist at a university… not dead) -Why is theism such a widespread phenomenon in homo sapiens? -It seems that many people feel an invisible presence; a conscious force that accompanies them. This seems to point the exi
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