Class Notes (835,629)
Canada (509,297)
Philosophy (1,299)
John Thorp (153)
Lecture 11

philosophy lecture 11 - Lockes Empiricism.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Philosophy 1020
John Thorp

11. Locke's Empiricism 0. Some biography th  John Locke 17 century English thinker  Man of many talents and interests 1. Empiricism: there is nothing in the mind that did not get there through the senses.  Means experience  There is nothing in the mind that didn’t get there through senses  The overall project of empiricism is to figure out how all knowledge arises through sensation, or sense- perception  Before sense perception happens, the mind is a TABULA RASA (blank slate)  Shaved tablet; 2. The meaning of 'idea'  Phantasm  Notion  Species  Whatever it is which the mind can be employed about in thinking  Any item that is the content of the mind 3. Are there innate ideas? Locke wants to defend the view that there are not.  It was commonly thought that there were some innate ideas. Descartes, for example, thought the idea of God was innate o Innate: present from birth a) an opposing argument: certain speculative principles a. Many people think that there are certain speculative principles that are so universally shared that they must be innate Locke's answer  Locke points out that the fact such principles are universally held would not at all show that they must be innate  Moreover, they are not universally held  Children and idiots have no grasp over such principles b) the positive theory: i) sensible qualities & internal sense, reflection sensation gives us ideas such as yellow, white, heat, soft, bitter, sweet – sensible qualities reflection we observe the operations of our own mind and so we get ideas of perception, thinking, willing, doubting, reasoning, knowing….reflection. all ideas come from sensation and reflection ii) simple and complex - ideas enter our mind as simple ideas - by combining and mixing and blending such simple ideas they create complex ideas - simple ideas are indestructible and they cannot be created - we cannot create new simple ideas and we cannot destroy old simple ideas - all we can do is combine or separate simple ideas that are already there iii) two kinds of qualities (in Locke's language, a 'quality' is in the world, and that quality
More Less

Related notes for Philosophy 1020

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.