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Reading #6

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Philosophy 1020
John Thorp

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Philosophy Reading #6 The Kalam Argument 22 September 2011 - William Lane Craig is a research professor of philosophy - He is the author of several works including the Kalam Cosmological Argument - the kalam argument refers to a version of the cosmological argument - kalam means “argument” in Arabic Defence of the Kalam Argument: - the argument shows that the universe had a beginning - anything that begins to exist must have a cause that brings it into being i) Whatever Brings to Exist has a Cause ii) The Universe Began to Exist iii) Therefore, the universe has a cause i) Whatever Brings to Exist has a Cause: J.L. Mackie who refuses the argument: - if God began to exist at a point in time, this this is as great a puzzle as the beginning of the universe - or if God existed for infinite time, then the same arguments would apply to his existence as would apply to the infinite duration of the universe - if it be said that God is timeless, then this is a complete mystery - doesn’t refuse the cause - nothing can come into being without a cause - before creation, there was no time - time is undifferentiated, and is incompatible with Kalam argument that infinite regress of events can’t exist i) Philosophical argument: Argument from the impossibility of an actually infinite number of things. - it can’t exist because it would involve all sorts of absurdities - if the universe never had a beginning, then the series of all past events is actually infinite The Universe having a beginning: I) An actually infinite number of things can’t exist: - a potential infinite is a collection that is increasing towards infinity as a limit but never reaches - if an actually infinite number of
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