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Class Notes for Physiology at Western University

Physiology 4710A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Calcarine Sulcus, Visual Cortex, Strabismus
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The Physiology of the Senses Lecture 2 The Primary Visual Cortex Objectives 1. Explain how neurons within the visual cortex become tuned to a visual edge of a particular orientation 2. Predict the long-term deficit that ca...

Physiology
Physiology 4710A/B
Tutis Vilis
Physiology 4710A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Middle Temporal Gyrus, Fusiform Face Area, Inferior Temporal Gyrus
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The Physiology of the Senses Lecture 4 The Visual Sense of Motion Introduction - Cerebral cortex has several regions that specialize in analyzing visual motion o MOST PROMINENT = middle temporal area (MT) Still called MT I...

Physiology
Physiology 4710A/B
Tutis Vilis
Physiology 4710A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Visual Cortex, Retina, The Features
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The Physiology of the Senses Lecture 3: Visual Perception of Objects - NOTE: o When the light flashes below where the person is looking, it lights up VI about the calcrine but then it lights up two other areas above the ca...

Physiology
Physiology 4710A/B
Tutis Vilis
Physiology 4710A/B Lecture 5: Lecture 5 – The Cerebral Association
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Physiology of the Senses Lecture 5 The Cerebral Association The Main Subdivisions of the Cerebral Cortex The 4 anatomic subdivisions (Figure 5.1A) - The cortex has 4 lobes: o 1. Frontal o 2. Temporal Lower part is involved...

Physiology
Physiology 4710A/B
Tutis Vilis
Physiology 4710A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Cerebral Cortex, Retina, Dementia
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Physiology of Senses Lecture 1 Eye Introduction: - What happens when you fire more than 10 of your neurons at the same time? o YOU FAINT! - The cost of a single action potential is high - If you activate much more than 1 o...

Physiology
Physiology 4710A/B
Tutis Vilis
Physiology 4710A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: The Onion, Myelin, Dermis
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Lecture 7 Touch, Pain, Taste and Smell Touch Receptors - Like in vision o We touch to distinguish edges, feel textures, read letters, and recognize objects as complex as faces o We do this with very few receptor types. 5 R...

Physiology
Physiology 4710A/B
Tutis Vilis
Physiology 4710A/B Lecture 11: Lecture 11 – Eye Movements
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Lecture 11 Eye Movements Introduction - Our eyes are arguably our most valuable sense. But our vision would be very poor if we very unable to move our eyes. o Eye movement is very important for your ability to see clearly ...

Physiology
Physiology 4710A/B
Tutis Vilis
Physiology 4710A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Frontal Lobe, Long-Term Memory, Explicit Memory
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Lecture 12 Memory Introduction - Why have a chapter in memory in a course on the senses? This is because everything we sense is more a product of our memories than what is perceived by your senses. When you hear someone ta...

Physiology
Physiology 4710A/B
Tutis Vilis
Physiology 4710A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Bony Labyrinth, Optokinetic Response, Endolymph
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Lecture 10 Balance Objectives - 1) Specify which anatomical aspects of otolith organs and vestibular canals make them best suited for detecting different types of motion. - 2) Explain how a particular translational directi...

Physiology
Physiology 4710A/B
Tutis Vilis
Physiology 4710A/B Lecture 8: Lecture 8 – Muscle Sense
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Lecture 8 Muscle Sense Introduction - The previous chapter examined how receptors in the skin are used to recognize the shape of objects that we touch, a what stream attribute. - Studying: how receptors beneath the skin, i...

Physiology
Physiology 4710A/B
Tutis Vilis
Physiology 4710A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Sound Intensity, Spectrogram, Tinnitus
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Lecture 9 Hearing Introduction - Bars on the screen anything you speak or make noise o The bars are of different colors the different colors are for the intensity RED = MORE INTENSE BLUE = LESS INTENSE o High notes are up ...

Physiology
Physiology 4710A/B
Tutis Vilis
Physiology 1021 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Renal Corpuscle, Renal Pelvis, Renal Vein

Renal Kidney Function The kidney has 7 major functions: Regulation of extracellular fluid volume and blood pressure Regulation of osmolarity Maintain ion balance Maintenance of body pH Excre...

Physiology
Physiology 1021
John Ciriello
Physiology 1021 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Thoracic Cavity, Respiratory Tract, Intrapleural Pressure

Respiratory Physiology Functions of the Respiratory System Provides oxygen to the blood Remove carbon dioxide from the blood Regulates blood pH Speech Microbial defense Influences arte...

Physiology
Physiology 1021
John Ciriello
Physiology 1021 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Endoplasmic Reticulum, Skeletal Muscle, Myofilament

Muscle Physiology Skeletal Muscle Structure: A whole muscle is made up of bundles of fascicles. Each fascicle contains bundles of muscle cells/fibres. Within each muscle fibre there are long cylindrical structures called ...

Physiology
Physiology 1021
John Ciriello
Physiology 1021 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Pituitary Gland, Anterior Pituitary, Nephron

Endocrine Physiology Review Distinguishing a Hormone from a Neurotransmitter Nervous System Endocrine System Type of communication Neurotransmitter Hormone Where do they travel? Synapse Blood Speed of communication Very ra...

Physiology
Physiology 1021
John Ciriello

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