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Lecture 1

Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Empiricism

Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Peter Fragiskatos

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Political science
15th September 2014
Inevitable for conflict to occur in society, that’s why we need Politics
Solving conflict with cooperation, what Governments need to do (often do)
Governments = can act as a neutral contending referee between both sides
Decisions made my governments, which address conflicts made so that they
don’t keep happening. Have potential to benefit all individuals, have large impact
- Preventing and punishing
- Robbery
Other than law, decisions on how:
- To spend money
- To use healthcare
- Governments need power to implement law etc. e.g. Pay taxes
Politics: who has power, how that power is used and for whose benefit, and what
are the consequences
Power is a deliberate attempt to get someone to do something
that they wouldn’t otherwise do.
*HOW? – Punishment, persuasion etc.
 Can also understand the workplace if we view politics as a study of power
[main arguments: time  non-material resources]
 Controlling the behaviour of others … AUTHORITY (boss)
 Household: husband control behaviour of woman (?) force? [Subservient
position of woman = traditional case]
Power is also about the ability of making things look NATURAL
- Picking up opinions … childhood – television/film/media
- Responsible for shaping opinions e.g. Perception of Arabs
- Material resources needed to live (land, forests, oceans, fish …
- Non-material recourses [experience] (formal education, time, knowledge
- Recourses almost always scarce (limited)
- Shared or kept for a few?  Conflict is the natural resort due to scarcity
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