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Lecture 12

Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Living Wage, Unemployment Benefits, New Public Management

Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Erin Hannah

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Policymaking & the Modern
Welfare State
Tuesday, November 29, 2016
What is Public Policy?
-the authoritative allocation of values for a society
-politics is driven by values
-the process of deciding who gets what, when, where and how
-what government(s) choose to do or not to do about a specific problem
-what government(s) do to shape our interactions with the state and other members of society
-public policy often get formulated as laws
-there are important policies that are not laws (ex. we are going to bring 200,000 refugees to
our country this year, it is a policy but the government cannot be taken to court if they don’t
fulfill this action)
-Reactive policy (ex. hurricane, act of terrorism, increase in drunk driving)
governments reacting to something that’s already happened
-Proactive policy
the government takes it upon themselves to anticipate change
-Partisan policy
the desire to implement change
-Universal policy
when the government tries to act in an altruistic way to improve the community
-Cooperative policy
when a government works with other parties/interest groups to improve policies and
-Aggressive policy
when the government acts explicitly against the other parties and groups in society
-Jurisdictional policy
policy motivated by jurisdictional interests
can be infringing or protective
Policy Types
-public politics may be summarized and compared according to outputs classified into four
extending goods and services to the public
public education
employment insurance
natural resources (taking things out of the environment to do things with them)
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