The space beyond - transnational regions, global order. According to terms of written constitution, with disputes settled in courts. Administrative federalism states (lander) implement federal laws. Fiscal federalism: feds manage vertical fiscal imbalance, feds may counteract horizontal fiscal imbalance. Confederal canada initially featured a strong central government but now more. Us constitution set strong limits on powers of central government but now more centralized and symmetrical. Sovereignty: resides at the center, usually in a particular institution. Three ways to legitimate domination: traditional its always been that way, charismatic force of personality and especially in time of crisis, legal rational the appeal of reasonable and general rules. Democracy also legitimates: popular consent and participation, facilities peaceful reconciliation of competing interests, feedback mechanism, just watch out for manipulation from above. A traditional, sentimental attachment (cid:498)that no legislature can manufacture in any people(cid:499) (cid:523)walter bagehot(cid:524) Political regimes can weaken or fall based on loss of legitimacy.