Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Cuban Missile Crisis, Graham T. Allison, Spoils System

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Published on 19 Dec 2016
School
Western University
Department
Political Science
Course
Political Science 1020E
Professor
March 16, 2016
1
POLITICAL SCIENCE LECTURE:
Evolution of Bureaucracy
Patrimonial administration
a) Personal agents of monarch
b) Rooted in royal household princes, baroness, counts, extended family of
the monarch
Bureaucratic administration why?
o More damaging and dangerous warfare
o More complex economy and society
Napoleon one of the first to develop modern administration in France
o Democratic pressures
Weberian Bureaucracy
1. Offices with assigned responsibilities
2. Merit-based recruitment, advancement
3. Division of labor people stik to hat they’re est at
4. Hierarchy
5. Formal rules
Bureaucratic functions
1. Administration yes, but
a. Implementation
b. Agenda setting and policy advice
2. Policy advice what politicians know matters
3. Articulating interests clientism too far?
4. Political stability even with spoils system governing system stays stable because
of the bureaucracy
Variety in Bureaucracy
Not every bureaucracy is the same
o French Centralization merit basis bureaucrats come through the pipeline to
the top
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March 16, 2016
2
o US decentralization spoils, president decides
Not every bureaucrat is the same:
o Specialists French stays in their specialization
o Generalists English float around
Evolution of Bureaucracy
20th century massive growth in:
o Areas of state activity
o Administrative capacity
Late 20th/early 21st centuries new public management:
o Contracting out garbage cheaper, but lose power
o Quango quasi non-governmental actor give power, but eliminate
relationship by saying they have power but not part of the government
(Hydro1) not government run
o Performance incentives
Theories of decision-making
Rational actor models: a helpful simplification? rank problems, utilitarian more
benefits, less costs, choose means to reach desired ends bureaucrats figure out what
the problems are, what are the most important problems, what are the possible
solutions
Incremental models: consensus, eolutio, uddlig through – stakeholders make
consensus solve immediate problem, but long term solutions are out of reach
Bureaucratic Organization Models:
o Organization process short-termism, satisficing, not best but what is good
enough, standard operation procedures
o Bureaucratic politics separate interests, bargaining produce policy
Belief system models: schemas and filters differences between deep core, near core
and secondary beliefs
Graham Allison, Essence of Decision
Bureaucracy and decision making
Cuban missile crisis
Decisions driven by what we have done in the past - organizational process
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Document Summary

Patrimonial administration: personal agents of monarch, rooted in royal household princes, baroness, counts, extended family of the monarch. Bureaucratic administration why: more damaging and dangerous warfare, more complex economy and society. Napoleon one of the first to develop modern administration in france: democratic pressures. Weberian bureaucracy: offices with assigned responsibilities, merit-based recruitment, advancement, division of labor people sti(cid:272)k to (cid:449)hat they"re (cid:271)est at, hierarchy, formal rules. Not every bureaucracy is the same: french centralization merit basis bureaucrats come through the pipeline to the top. March 16, 2016: us decentralization spoils, president decides. Not every bureaucrat is the same: specialists french stays in their specialization, generalists english float around. 20th century massive growth in: areas of state activity, administrative capacity. Rank problems, utilitarian more benefits, less costs, choose means to reach desired ends bureaucrats figure out what the problems are, what are the most important problems, what are the possible solutions.