Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: French Revolution, Party System, Social Inequality

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Published on 19 Dec 2016
School
Western University
Department
Political Science
Course
Political Science 1020E
Professor
LECTURE 12: POLITICAL PARTIES
PARTY TYPES
Catch-all parties
o Usually parties of representation (as opposed to integration) point is to gain
power, figure out what the electorate wants
o Little commitment to ideology
Constitutional and Revolutionary
o Constitutional: accept rules of the regime within the framework
o Revolutionary: want to overturn the regime give direction to the state
Left-Wing and Right-Wing
o Seating arrangement of French revolution right was with the state, left was
critical
Fascist parties are revolutionary, just as communist
Heywood electoral systems create shifts in party ideology
PARTY ORGANIZATION
Do parties reinforce or compensate for social inequality?
o A) Ostrogorski (1902): Party machine party machine brings candidates into the
system
o B Mihels 1911 Iro la of oligarhy serve few rather than the many
overstated
o C) Overstated parties generally hard to control from the centre
o D) growing gap between central and local party bodies listen to the electorate
in order to win the election
Parties are concerned with popular support
USA: nominating primaries and caucuses give power over selection of party brass to
party membership
Canada and elsewhere: reform if party losing under existing arrangements
PARTY SYSTEMS
A relatively stable pattern of relationships amongst parties
Based on their
o Number, size
o Usual way of relating to each other
cooperation and consensus
conflict and polarization)
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